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College of Engineering

Civil and Environmental Engineering

www.cee.vt.edu/

University Exemplary Department

W.S. Easterling, Head

David P. Burrows Professor: M.C. Vorster
W. Curtis English Professor: W.R. Knocke
Montague-Betts Professor of Structural Steel Design: W.S. Easterling
Nick Prillaman Professor: J.T. Novak
Newport News Shipbuilding Professor: T.A. Dingus
Charles E. Via, Jr. Professor: G.M. Filz
Charles E. Via, Jr. Professor: R.E. Weyers
Charles E. Via, Jr. Professor: S. Kikuchi
Charles Lunsford Professor: M.A. Edwards
Vecellio Professor: J.M. de la Garza
Professors: G.D. Boardman; T.E. Cousins; W.E. Cox; A.M. Dietrich; P. Diplas; T.J. Grizzard; A.G. Hobeika; J.C. Little; J.R. Martin II; G. E. Moglen; H.A. Rakha;
E. Sotelino; A.A. Trani; M.A. Widdowson
Associate Professors: T.L. Brandon; F.A. Charney; R.L. Dymond; G.W. Flintsch; D.L. Gallagher; M.J. Garvin; R.A.Green; K.L. Hancock; L.C. Marr; M. Mauldon;
A. Pruden; C.L. Roberts-Wollmann; K.B. Rojiani; S.K. Sinha; P.J. Vikesland;
L. Wang; W. J. Wright
Assistant Professors: M.M. Abbas; E.T. Hester; C.D. Moen; P.M. Murray-Tuite; D.E. Young
Research Associate Professor: A. Godrej
Research Assistant Professor: J. Dove; C.G. Olgun
Professors Emeritus: R.M. Barker; D.R. Drew; J. M. Duncan; D. A. Garst; R.C. Hoehn;
S.M. Holzer; J.M. Hughes; D.F. Kibler; T. Kuppusamy; J.K. Mitchell; T.M. Murray; H.J. Pence; R. H. Plaut; C.W. Randall; D. Teodorovic; R.D. Walker

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The Civil and Environmental Engineering Department offers one undergraduate degree: the B.S. in Civil Engineering. This program is described in the following sections:


Overview

    The Charles Edward Via, Jr. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering offers an undergraduate program that facilitates development of critical analytical abilities and the necessary core of knowledge and skills for entry into the civil engineering profession or graduate studies. This body of knowledge includes the scientific procedures for formulating and testing theories and the procedures for applying theory to enhance welfare through engineering analysis, synthesis, and design. The civil engineer plays a key role in the design, construction, maintenance, and management of society's physical infrastructure, including transportation and communication systems, structural facilities for housing human activities, water resource management systems, natural resource development systems, and facilities and programs for environmental protection. The Civil Engineering Program is accredited by the Engineering Accreditation Commission of ABET, 111 Market Place, Suite 1050, Baltimore, MD 21202-4012, telephone: (410) 347-7700.

    Emphasis in civil engineering education is on fundamental principles of science and mathematics and their application to solving human problems. But civil engineering activities interact in many ways with the natural and social environments within which they take place. Accordingly, the civil engineering program strives to create an awareness of the ecological, social, economic, and political context of engineering and attempts to prepare the civil engineer for the necessary interactions with other professions and the public. An effort to instill an understanding of the role of the civil engineer in satisfying total societal needs is an integral part of the civil engineering program.

    Consistent with the general program goal of facilitating development of student competence necessary for entry into engineering practice or graduate school, the Department has developed the following program objectives:

    Within a few years of program completion, graduates of the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department should be able to combine skills gained through academic preparation and post-graduation experience so that they can:

  1. Exhibit technical competence through application of engineering knowledge, problem-solving skills, and modern tools from multiple areas of civil engineering practice in the analysis, evaluation, design, and construction of civil engineering systems and system components.
  2. Apply skills of effective communication, teamwork, leadership, and professional and ethical behavior as complements to technical competence.
  3. Incorporate economic, environmental, social, and sustainability considerations into the practice of civil engineering.
  4. Continue their technical and professional development, which may include professional licensure, graduate level education, continuing education courses, self-directed study, and participation in conference and committee activities.

    The civil engineering curriculum provides a choice of four curricular tracks: General Civil Engineering; Environmental and Water Resources; Infrastructure Systems; and Structures, Geotechnical, and Construction. These tracks contain a common freshman and sophomore year, with selection of a track made during pre-registration of the second semester of the sophomore year. Other than the general civil engineering track, which maintains a broad perspective, these tracks provide greater focus on the individual areas of civil engineering practice; however, they have common elements to ensure that all students receive a basic civil engineering education.

    All the curricular tracks place significant emphasis on engineering design. The initial exposure to design occurs early in the curriculum, with the major emphasis provided in the junior and senior years of the individual tracks. Each student must select a "design project" course that provides an integrated approach to design that draws on knowledge from a minimum of three disciplinary areas. Each of these courses involves preparation of written reports and oral presentations, and each provides teamwork experience through utilization of a group approach to project design.

    Classroom instruction in the civil engineering program is reinforced by instructional laboratories in the major areas of civil engineering practice. The department seeks to employ the latest educational technology and innovative teaching methods.

    The department participates in the Cooperative Education Program in which qualified students may alternate semesters of study with semesters of professional employment. The department encourages all students to participate in professional work experience prior to graduation.

    Contact person for undergraduate Civil and Environmental Engineering programs is Kara Lattimer, CEE Academic and Career Advisor at 540/231-7148 or e-mail: karalatt@vt.edu.

    Full programs of graduate study are available, leading to the M.Eng., M.S., and Ph.D. in civil engineering. Graduate degree programs concentrate in one of five major areas: construction engineering and management, environmental and water resources engineering, geotechnical engineering, structural engineering and materials, and transportation and infrastructure systems engineering. For details, see the Graduate Catalog.

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Civil Engineering Program (for 2011)

    Note: Graduation requires a total of 131 semester credits. Requirements are subject to change; prospective students should contact the Department prior to initiating individual programs of study.

    Beginning with students graduating in 2012, entry to the CEE Department will be on a competitive basis to control departmental enrollments. Please check the CEE website or contact the Department for specific entry requirements for students graduating in 2012 and beyond.

First Year
First Semester
Chem 1035: General Chemistry
3
Chem 1045: General Chemistry Lab
1
Math 1205: Calculus I
3
Math 1114: Linear Algebra
2
Engl 1105: Freshman English
3
ENGE 1024: Engr. Exploration
2
Liberal Education Elective: See remarks
1
Credits
15
Second Semester
Phys 2305: Foundations of Physics I
4
Math 1206: Calculus II
3
Math 1224: Vector Geometry
2
Engl 1106: Freshman English
3
ENGE 1114 Exploration of Engineering or ENGE 1104 Exploration of Digital Future
2
Liberal Education Elective: See remarks
3
Credits
17
Second Year
First Semester
PHYS 2306: Foundations of Physics I 4
MATH 2224: Multivariable Calculus 3
ESM 2104: Statics 3
GEOS 2104: Elements of Geology 3
CEE 2804: Intro. to CEE 2
ENGE 2824: CEE Drawings & CAD 1
Credits
16
Second Semester
STAT 3704: Statistics for Engr. Applications 2
MATH 2214: Differential Equations 3
ESM 2204: Mech. of Deformable Bodies 3
ISE 2014: Engineering Economy 2
CEE 2814: CEE Measurements 4
Liberal Education Elective: See remarks 3
Credits
17

    Beginning with junior year – Students select one of four tracks below:

General Civil Engineering Track

Third Year
First Semester
ENGL 3764: Technical Writing 3
CEE 3684: CEE Materials 3
CEE 3304: Fluid Mechanics for CEE 3
CEE 3404: Theory of Structures 3
CEE 3104: Intro. to Environmental Engr. 3
Basic/Engr.Science Elective: See Remarks 3
Credits
18
Second Semester
CEE 3514: Intro to Geotechnical Engr. 3
CEE 3014: Construction Management 3
CEE 3314: Water Resources Engr. 3
CEE 3604: Intro. to Transportation Engr. 3
CEE 3804: Computer Applications in CEE 3
Credits
15
Fourth Year
First Semester
CEE 4804: Prof. & Legal Issues in Engr. 3
CEE Technical Electives: See Remarks 6
Basic/Engr.Science Elective: See Remarks 3
Liberal Education electives: See remarks 6
Credits
18
Second Semester
CEE Technical Electives: See Remarks 12
Free Elective: See Remarks
3
Credits
15

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Environmental and Water Resources Track

Third Year
First Semester
ENGL 3764: Technical Writing 3
CEE 3514: Intro to Geotechnical Eng. 3
CEE 3304: Fluid Mechanics for CEE 3
CEE 3104: Intro. to Environmental Engr. 3
CEE 3804: Computer Applications in CEE 3
Credits
15
Second Semester
CEE 3684: CEE Materials 3
CEE 3014: Construction Management 3
CEE 3314: Water Resources Engr. 3
CEE 4104: Water & Wastewater Design 3
Basic/Engr. Science Elective: See Remarks 3
Liberal Education Elective: See Remarks 3
Credits
18
Fourth Year
First Semester
CEE 4804: Prof. & Legal Issues in Engr. 3
Basic/Engr. Science Elective: See Remarks 3
Technical Electives: See Remarks 12
Credits
18
Second Semester
Technical Electives: See Remarks 9
Liberal Education Elective: See Remarks 3
Free Elective: See Remarks 3
Credits
15

Infrastructure Systems Track

Third Year
First semester
Engl 3764 Technical Writing
3
CEE 3684 CEE Materials
3
CEE 3014 Construction Management
3
CEE 3604 Intro. to Transportation Engr.
3
CEE 3104 Intro. to Environmental Engr.
3
CEE 3304 Fluid Mechanics for CEE
3
Credits
18
Second semester
Basic/Engr. Science Elective: See Remarks
3
CEE 3804 Computer Applic. in CEE
3
CEE 3514 Intro. to Geotechnical Engr.
3
IFS Foundation Course
3
Technical Elective: See Remarks
3
Credits
15
Fourth Year
First Semester
IFS Foundation Course
3
IFS Foundation Course
3
Basic/Engr. Science Elective: See Remarks
3
Liberal Education Elective: See Remarks
3
Technical Electives: See Remarks
6
Credits
18
Second Semester
CEE 4804 Prof. & Legal Issues In Engr.
3
IFS Foundation Course
3
Technical Elective: See Remarks
3
Liberal Education Elective: See Remarks
3
Free Elective: See Remarks
3
Credits
15

Structures, Geotechnical, and Construction Track

Third Year
First Semester
CEE 3404: Theory of Structures 3
CEE 3014: Construction Management 3
CEE 3514: Intro to Geotechnical Engr 3
ESM 3054: Mech. Behavior of Materials and ESM 3064 Lab 3
CEE 3804: Computer Applications in CEE 3
Credits
15
Second Semester
CEE 3684: CEE Materials 3
CEE 3434: Design of Steel Structures 3
CEE 3304: Fluid Mechanics for CEE 3
Basic/Engr. Science Elective: See Remarks 3
ENGL 3764: Technical Writing 3
Liberal Education Elective: See remarks 3
Credits
18
Fourth Year
First Semester
CEE 3424: Reinforced Concrete Design 3
CEE 4014 Estimating, Prod., and Cost Engr. or
CEE 4024 Const. Control Techniques or
CEE 4074 Construction Means & Methods
3
CEE 4514 Methods in Geotechnical Engr. or
CEE 4534 Earth Pressures & Foundations
3
Basic/Engr. Science Elective: See Remarks 3
Liberal Education Elective: See remarks 3
Technical Elective: See Remarks 3
Credits
18
Second Semester
CEE 4804: Prof. & Legal Issues in Engr. 3
CEE 3104: Intro. to Environmental Engr.
or CEE 4554: Natural Disaster Mitigation & Recov.
3
Technical Electives: See Remarks 6
Free Elective: See Remarks 3
Credits
15

REMARKS:

Curriculum for Liberal Education Remarks: Engineering students entering the university in 1999-2000 or later are required to meet the following Curriculum for Liberal Education requirements, in addition to their college and departmental requirements:

Credits
ViEWS - met by a designated sequence of required CEE courses and ENGL 3764 6
CLE Area 2: Ideas, Cultural Traditions and Values 6
CLE Area 3: Society and Human Behavior 6
CLE Area 6: Creativity and Aesthetic Experience 1

Basic/Engr. Science Elective Remarks – must be taken from list shown on applicable CEE checksheet.

Technical Elective Remarks – must satisfy departmental requirements as shown on the appplicable CEE checksheet.

Free Elective Remarks - must not duplicate other courses and cannot include courses on College of Engineering not-credit-for-degree list.

IFS Foundation Course Remarks – must be taken from list shown on IFS Track Checksheet

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Undergraduate Course Descriptions (CEE)

2804: INTRODUCTION TO CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
Overview of the civil engineering profession and the undergraduate program of study. The fundamentals of good oral and written communication skills for the Civil Engineer are emphasized. An introduction to engineering library resources is also included. Pre: ENGE 1024. (3H,2C) I,II.

2814: CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING MEASUREMENTS
Introduction to various data measurement issues in civil and environmental engineering, including collection techniques, analysis, error, and statistical evaluation in all sub-disciplines. Spatial measurement topics include GPS, leveling, distance and angular measurement, mapping and topographic surveys, automated data collection, terrain models, earthwork methods, construction surveying, geodesy, and GIS. Pre: BC students required to take the BC 1224 pre-requisite, they are exempt from the co-requisite ENGE 2824. CEE students are required to take the ENGE 1114 pre-requisite. Pre: ENGE 1114 or BC 1224, (MATH 1206 or MATH 1206H), (MATH 1224 or MATH 1224H). Co: ENGE 2824. (3H,3L,4C)

2984: SPECIAL STUDY
Variable credit course.

2994: UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH
Variable credit course.

3014: CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
Fundamental elements involved in managing construction projects. Management structure, construction contracts, equipment and labor productivity, scheduling, quality assurance, and cost control. Junior standing required. (2H,3L,3C) I,II.

3104: INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
Overall view of environmental engineering with emphasis on hazardous waste management, water treatment, wastewater treatment, air pollution and its control, solid waste management, groundwater pollution and environmental regulations. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisites CHEM 1035, 1045, MATH 1205, 1206, and PHYS 2305. I, II. Pre: (CHEM 1035 or CHEM 1074), (CHEM 1045 or CHEM 1084), (MATH 1206 or MATH 1206H or MATH 2016), (PHYS 2305 or PHYS 2205). (3H,3C)

3274: INTRO LAND DEVELOPMENT
An introduction to the land development design process including site selection and feasibility, environmental considerations, utility layout, grading, stormwater management and integrating planning with the design of infrastructure to support residential and commercial development. Pre: 2814. (3H,3C)

3304: FLUID MECHANICS FOR CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
Hydrostatics; fluid motion; continuity, momentum, and energy equations; viscous effects; applications to pipe networks and hydraulic systems, including open channel flow. Laboratory experiments and demonstrations. A grade of C- or better in pre-requisite ESM 2104. I,II Pre: ESM 2104. (3H,2L,3C)

3314: WATER RESOURCES ENGINEERING
Open channel flow; hydrology; hydraulic modeling; hydraulic machinery and structures; laboratory experiments and demonstrations. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3304. Pre: 3304. (3H,2L,3C)

3324 (GEOG 3324): INTRODUCTION TO APPLIED METEOROLOGY
Course emphasizes for the operational aspects of weather prediction and severe storm forecasting. Focus is on surface data analysis, upper air soundings and skew-T diagrams, pressure maps, frontal analysis, atmospheric moisture and its implications for forecasting, Doppler radar and satellite imagery, forecast models, hurricanes, atmospheric instability, convection and thunderstorm life-cycle, forecasting thunderstorm types, tornadoes and severe weather forecasting. (3H,3C)

3404: THEORY OF STRUCTURES
Fundamental tools and methods of structural analysis: moment-area, slope-deflection, force, and moment-distribution methods. Influence lines. Application to beams, trusses, and simple frames. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite ESM 2204. I.II Pre: ESM 2204. (3H,3C)

3414 (BSE 3414): DESIGN OF WOOD STRUCTURES
Wood as an engineering material, loads, structural lumber, glulam, plywood, design of single structural elements, combined stress design, fastener design, truss design, pole and post-frame structures, shear wall, and diaphragm design. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite ESM 2204. I Pre: ESM 2204, CEE 3404. (3H,3C)

3424: REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES I
Behavior and design of reinforced concrete members based on ultimate strength. Beams and slabs in flexure, shear and torsion, development of reinforcement. Columns with axial force plus bending, slenderness effects in columns. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3404. I,II Pre: 3404. (3H,3C)

3434: DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES I
Behavior and design of structural steel members and steel-frame buildings, including simple and fixed connections. AISC specifications; elastic theory. Design members to resist tension, compression, bending, torsion; plate girders, composite beams. ESM 3054 may be taken in place of co-requisite CEE 3684. Pre: 3404. Co: 3684. (2H,3L,3C) I,II.

3514: INTRO TO GEOTECHNICAL ENGR
Engineering properties of soils including their descriptions and classifications, the effects of water, soil strength and compressibility. Introduction to soil stabilization, earth pressures, slope stability, and foundations. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisites GEOS 2104 and ESM 2204. Pre: ESM 2204, (GEOS 1004 or GEOS 2104 or GEOL 1004 or GEOL 2104). (2H,2L,3C) I, II.

3604: INTRODUCTION TO TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING
Planning, design and operation of transportation systems with emphasis in multimodal transportation techniques and unified system engineering theories to analyze large scale transportation problems. Discussion of Intelligent Vehicle Highway Systems (IVHS) and hands on experience in computer models in transportation operations and planning. Interactions between transportation infrastructure and environmental engineering planning. Junior standing required. II (3H,3C)

3684: CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS
Characteristics of constituent materials and the design and behavior of portland cement and bituminous concrete mixtures with demonstrated laboratory experiments. Pre: CHEM 1035, CHEM 1045, ESM 2204, CEE 2814, (GEOS 2104 or GEOS 1004). (2H,3L,3C) I,II.

3804: COMPUTER APPLICATIONS FOR CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS
Introduction to computer applications in civil and environmental engineering. Integration of design, data management, computer programming and problem solving skills with computer tools and techniques. Topics include systems analysis, optimization, database management, computer programming and data structures. Junior Standing Required. (2H,2L,3C) I,II.

4014 (BC 4024): ESTIMATING, PRODUCTION, AND COST ENGINEERING
Interpretation of plans and specifications, preparation of construction estimates, and cost control. Methods analysis, resource requirements, and resource costs in building systems, including system components, and in large-scale civil engineering works such as highways, bridges, and hydraulic structures. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3014. I,II Co: 3014. (3H,3C)

4024: CONSTRUCTION CONTROL TECHNIQUES
Techniques used to plan, schedule, and control the Construction Process. Emphasizes manual and computer-based approaches. Focuses on an analytical approach towards the construction process whereby good technical methodologies and solutions are converted to reality through construction practices. I Pre: 3014. Co: 4014. (3H,3C)

4064: DESIGN HAZARD CONTROL CONSTRCT
Design of construction projects and systems to control inherent hazards to the health and safety of construction workers, inhabitants of the built environment, and the general public. Regulatory and legal drivers pertinent to construction, chemical and physical health hazards, major classes of safety hazards, design processes and specifications to control safety and health hazards, system engineering risk analysis tools, and safety management processes. Pre: 3014. (3H,3C)

4074: CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING: MEANS AND METHODS
Construction means, methods, and equipment used to transform a particular design concept into a completed usable structure or facility. Selection and optimization of individual units as well as the systems needed to produce the required work to the required quality on time and on budget. I (3H,3C)

4104: WATER AND WASTEWATER TREATMENT DESIGN
Design of municipal water and wastewater treatment plants. Emphasis on characterization of water and wastewater and physical, chemical, and biological treatment methods. Sludge processing advanced treatment methods and treatment plant hydraulics are considered. I Pre: 3104, 3304. (3H,3C)

4114: FUNDAMENTALS OF PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING
Public health engineering principles for protection against biological and chemical health hazards. Emphasis on major communicable diseases that plague mankind, organisms that cause them, routes of transmission, and engineering methods of control. Appropriate control methods for rural areas and developing countries. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3104 or permission of the instructor. Pre: 3104. (3H,3C)

4144: AIR RESOURCES ENGR
Source assessment utilizing instrumentation and EPA reference methods. Calculation of source compliance status. Air quality PC modeling to acquire construction and operating permits. Design of monitoring networks as required by EPA and industry. Design calculations for determining the applicability of control equipment alternatives with emphasis on meeting emission standards in a cost effective manner. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3104. II (3H,3C)

4164 (BIOL 4164) (CSES 4164) (ENSC 4164): ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY
Ecology, physiology, and diversity of soil and aquatic microorganisms; incorporates the significance of these topics within the context of environmental applications such as bioremediation, wastewater treatment, control of plant- pathogens in agriculture, and pollution abatement in natural systems. The laboratory portion of the course will stress methodology development, isolation and characterization of microorganisms from natural and engineered systems, and examination of the roles of microorganisms in biogeochemical cycling. Biology students are exempt from CEE 3104 but must take BIOL 2604 and obtain a C- or higher. Pre: BIOL 2604 or CEE 3104. (2H,3L,3C) II.

4174: SOLID AND HAZARDOUS WASTE MANAGEMENT
Introduction to the problems, regulations and techniques associated with the management of solid and hazardous waste. Composition, volume and characterization of the wastes. Design of collection and disposal systems, including landfills, solidification/stabilization and incineration. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3104. I Pre: 3104. (3H,3C)

4204: CAD APPLICATIONS IN CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
Overview of CAD-based software in civil and environmental engineering. Project design methods and supportive software. Field survey data, surface creation, visualization techniques, grading, piping, roads, CAD standards, software customization. Specific software packages to demonstrate current industry practices. Senior standing required. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 2814. Pre: 2814. (3H,3C)

4264: SUSTAINABLE LAND DEVELOPMENT
An introduction to the modern techniques for developing land while maintaining a focus on long-term sustainability. Topics include site layout, stormwater impact, air quality and microclimate, living resources, LEED and EarthCraft development standards. Pre-requisite: Senior Standing required (3H,3C)

4274: LAND DEVELOP DESIGN
Overview of land development projects including factors, construction practices, legal issues, and government policies. Design project includes feasibility study, engineering evaluation of site, and layout design of lots, buildings, streets, sewers, etc. Interactive graphics and automated drafting. Senior standing in Civil Engineering required. I (2H,3L,3C)

4284: ADV LAND DEVELOPMENT DESIGN
Advanced course in land development design focusing on site grading and parking, stormwater management, and erosion control. Reviews project design criteria and applicable municipal and state guidelines. Uses CAD software for design and deliverables. Senior/Graduate standing required. Co: 4274. (3H,3C)

4304: HYDROLOGY
Precipitation, evaporation, consumptive use, infiltration; stream flow, flood routing; statistical analysis of hydrologic data, flood and drought forecasting, risk analysis, subsurface flow, well hydraulics, introduction to urban drainage design. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3314. I Pre: 3314. (3H,3C)

4314: GROUNDWATER RESOURCES
Fundamentals of groundwater hydrology; flow through porous media, both saturated and unsaturated; flow to wells in both confined and unconfined aquifers; analysis of recharge basin and field drains; seepage from canals into the groundwater; contaminants in groundwater. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3304. Pre: 3304. (3H,3C) II.

4324: OPEN CHANNEL FLOW
Mechanics of open channel flow, including uniform flow, gradually varied flow, channel transitions, unsteady flow and fundamentals of sediment transport phenomena. Pre: 3314. (3H,3C)

4334: HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES
Hydraulic analysis and design of engineering structures for water control, including reservoirs, dams, spillways, spilling basins, drainage structures, and hydraulic models. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3314. II Pre: 3314. (3H,3C)

4344: WATER RESOURCES PLANNING
Analysis of the water resources planning process and the institutional framework for water resources management. Criteria and procedures for evaluating management alternatives are examined, with emphasis on assessment of economic and environmental impacts. Senior standing required. I (3H,3C)

4354: ENVIRONMENTAL HYDROLOGY
Overall view of pollutants movements in surface waters, with emphasis on the role of various hydrologic processes. Natural and constructed wetlands and their use for water quality control. Fundamentals of river hydraulics. Design of flood control channels. Environmental consequences of various types of hydraulic systems. Mitigation, enhancement, and restoration techniques. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisites 3104 and 3314. II Pre: 3104, 3314. (3H,3C)

4364 (AOE 4064): FLUID FLOWS IN NATURE
Course designed to build upon and broaden a basic traditional engineering knowledge of fluid flows into areas concerning a variety of natural occurrences and phenomena that involve fluid motions in important ways. Drag sessile systems and motile animals, gliding and soaring, flying and swimming, internal flows in organisms, low Reynolds number flows, fluid-fluid interfaces, unsteady flows in nature and wind engineering. I Pre: 3304 or AOE 3014 or ESM 3024 or ME 3404. (3H,3C)

4404: COMPUTER ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES I
Formulation of matrix displacement method in a form suitable for program development. Application to trusses and frames. Incorporation of special features such as symmetry, internal releases, support settlements, and influence lines. Initiation of program development. Use of existing programs on the personal computer. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3404. I Pre: 3404. (3H,3C)

4424: DESIGN OF PRESTRESSED CONCRETE STRUCTURES
Principle of prestressing applied to concrete beams, slabs, and frames; design of individual elements and structural systems of prestressed concrete; precast construction and connection design. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3404 and 3684. I Pre: 3404, 3684, 3424. (3H,3C)

4434: DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES II
Plastic design of steel beams, columns, and connections; elastic design of tension, compression, and flexural members using Load and Resistance Factor Design specifications. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3434. I,II Pre: 3434. (2H,3L,3C)

4444 (AOE 4054) (ESM 4444): STABILITY OF STRUCTURES
Introduction to the methods of static structural stability analysis and their applications. Buckling of columns and frames. Energy method and approximate solutions. Elastic and inelastic behavior. Torsional and lateral buckling. Use of stability as a structural design criterion. A grade of C- or better required in AOE 3024 or CEE 3404. II Pre: AOE 3024 or CEE 3404. (3H,3C)

4454: MASONRY STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Masonry materials, material testing, material specifications. Structural behavior and design of masonry elements (walls, beams, and columns) and systems used in structures. Construction techniques and the details of masonry construction. Building codes relating to analysis and design of masonry structures. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisites 3424 and 3684. II Pre: 3684, 3424. (3H,3C)

4474: REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES II
Behavior and design of continuous reinforced concrete structures subjected to gravity and lateral loads. application of computer programs to frame analysis and design of members. Biaxial bending of columns, two-way floor systems, retaining walls, and footing design problems. Comprehensive design project concludes the course. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3424. II Pre: 3424. (3H,3C)

4494: COMPUTER METHODS IN STRUCTURAL DESIGN
Design of structural members in steel, concrete, and wood using computers. Design of structural systems. Development of programs for the solution of structural design problems. Senior standing in civil engineering required. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisites 3424 or 3434. Pre: 3424 or 3434. (3H,3C)

4504: FINITE ELEMENT METHOD IN CIVIL ENGINEERING
Introduction to finite element method as applied to civil engineering problems. One-dimensional stress-deformation, fluid flow, and consolidation problems. Analysis of beam bending and beam-column and torsion problems. Two-dimensional plane strain, plane stress, and axisymmetric analysis of stress-deformation and fluid flow problems. Use of computer codes. Introduction to nonlinear techniques. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisites 3404 or ESM 3054. I Pre: 3404 or ESM 3054. (3H,3C)

4514: METHODS IN GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING
Principles and techniques for characterizing earth materials (soil and rock) for civil engineering projects in various regional environments; with emphasis on the interdisciplinary approach to field exploration and site description through soil mechanics theory, geologic correlations, geophysical methods, in site testing and sampling. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3514. I Pre: 3514. (3H,3C)

4534: EARTH PRESSURES AND FOUNDATION STRUCTURES
Earth pressure theories and their applications to the design of retaining structures, anchors, and excavation bracing. Bearing capacity and settlement of shallow foundations. Types and capacity of deep foundations. A grade of C- or better in pre-requisite 3514. I,II Pre: 3514. (3H,3C)

4544: APPLIED GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING ANALYSIS
Application of geotechnical engineering principles in the design and control of surface and subsurface construction. Excavations, earth fills, slope stability, geosynthetics and geotechnical aspects of sustainable development. Pre: 3514. (3H,3C)

4554: NATURAL DISASTER MITIGATION AND RECOVERY
Causes, mechanics, classifications, and forces associated with tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, and landslides. Resistance evaluation for existing ground, facilities and structures. Hazard-resistant design of new facilities. Risk and reliability assessment and decision analysis. Strategies and designs for natural disaster risk mitigation. Emergency response for protection of life and property and restoration of lifelines. Includes an interdisciplinary team project. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisites 3304, 3514 and 3684. II Pre: 3304, 3514, 3684. (3H,3C)

4594 (CSES 4594): SOIL AND GROUNDWATER POLLUTION
Application of mathematical models for chemical movement in soils and groundwater to evaluate soil and groundwater pollutant behavior; discussion of pollution remediation technologies; design of subsurface monitoring networks; case studies in soil and groundwater pollution; applications to landfills, waste spills, septic drainfields, pesticide/fertilizer leaching, and other problems of environmental concern. Pre: MATH 2224 or MATH 2224H or MATH 2016. (3H,3C) I,II.

4604: TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
Study of traffic and parking characteristics; application of traffic control devices; principles and techniques used to improve the efficiency and safety of traffic flow systems. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3604. I Pre: 3604. (3H,3C)

4614: ADVANCED CIVIL ENGINEERING MATERIALS
Fundamental properties and the physical and chemical aspects of the structure of Portland cement concretes. Emphasis placed on environmental performance aspects and the application of studies of concrete performance under various exposure conditions. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3684. II Pre: 3684. (3H,3C)

4624: PLANNING TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES
Transportation planning process; urban and regional studies, surveys, data analysis, model development and testing; transportation management, administration, finance, system evaluation, implementation, and integration. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3604. II Pre: 3604. (3H,3C)

4634: INFRASTRUCTURE CONDITION ASSESSMENT
Infrastructure components and assessment needs; physical and chemical properties of construction materials; deterioration causes, assessment methods, nondestructive evaluation techniques, infrastructure management systems, performance models, service-life-cycle estimates. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3684. II Pre: 3684. (3H,3C)

4644: TRAFFIC SIGNAL SYSTEM OPERATION AND CONTROL
Traffic signal system control, with emphasis in arterial operation. Signal system design and operations, traffic simulation techniques, advanced traffic control strategies, and incorporation of surface street systems into Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS). Hands-on experience in signal system software and hardware. Pre: 3604. (3H,3C)

4654: GEOMETRIC DESIGN OF HIGHWAYS
Functional design of highways; curves, intersections, interchanges, drainage, and other features involved in highway safety and traffic efficiency. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3604. II Pre: 3604. (3H,3C)

4664: PAVEMENT DESIGN
Principles underlying methods for the design of various elements of flexible and rigid pavements for highways and airports; climate and traffic effects; pavement management systems. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3684. I Pre: 3684. (3H,3C)

4674: AIRPORT PLANNING AND DESIGN
Airport planning and economic justification, site selection, configuration, development and design of terminal areas, demand forecasting, access, traffic control. A grade of C- or better required in pre-requisite 3604. II Pre: 3604.
(3H,3C)

4684: TRANSPORTATION SAFETY
Basic principles associated with transportation safety related to humans, vehicles and infrastructure as well as principles of design for safety and practices of empirical evaluation of safety. Principles and practices of accident investigation and injury epidemiology as well as safeguards and control practices. Pre: 3604, STAT 3704. (3H,3C)

4804: PROFESSIONAL AND LEGAL ISSUES IN ENGINEERING
Analysis of the legal, professional, and ethical aspects of engineering practice; introduction to contract law and contract dispute resolution, professional liability, and other aspects of law relevant to engineering practice; professional registration and codes of ethics. Pre: Senior
standing in engineering. (3H,3C) I,II.

4974: INDEPENDENT STUDY
Variable credit course.

4984: SPECIAL STUDY
Variable credit course.

4994: UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH
Variable credit course.



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Virginia Tech 2009-2010 Undergraduate Course Catalog and Academic Policies