Admission Information

Academic Credentials

    Academic preparation for Virginia Tech is best achieved by continued formal study of academic or college preparatory subjects. Consequently, it is recommended that required and elective academic units be evenly distributed throughout the high school years. Specifically, it is recommended that a minimum of seven (7) academic units be completed during the last two years of high school with at least three (3) academic units completed each year in the most rigorous academic programs available.

    Each application is evaluated holistically. Primary criteria are: rigor of academic program, grades in academic courses, and standardized test (SAT or ACT) performance. Other criteria include alumni of Virginia Tech pipeline or TRiO program participation, special talents, first-generation college attendee, interest in the Virginia Tech Corps of Cadets, legacy, leadership and service, major, ethnicity, residency, disciplinary record, and (optional) responses to personal statements and (optional) guidance counselor reference. (While letters of recommendation are not required, if an applicant chooses to send one letter of recommendation, it must accompany the high school transcript.) For the 2009 fall semester, those offered admission had average GPAs of 3.94 (middle 50th percentile 3.71-4.15) and average combined SATs (critical reading and math) of 1250 (middle 50th percentile 1160-1330). Competitive freshman applicants will have A/B+ grades in a rigorous curriculum and strong SAT or ACT scores. Students who opt to take only the ACT also should take the ACT writing test.

    Students who intend to compete in intercollegiate athletics are also required to meet all NCAA and ACC requirements for admission. Such candidates under consideration for athletic scholarships may also receive additional consideration in the admissions process.

    Prospective music students must schedule an audition with the music department. Although it is not required of prospective theatre arts students, special consideration for admission will be given to applicants who audition. Applicants who wish to request an audition should contact the department head of the appropriate curriculum by January 1 of the senior year in high school.

Undergraduate Admission

    Prospective students and their parents are encouraged to visit the campus at their convenience. The Office of Undergraduate Admissions is open Monday-Friday from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. and on many Saturdays from 8:30 a.m. to noon. Admission information sessions and student-led walking tours are offered regularly. Prospective visitors should consult the ‘Visit Virginia Tech’ section at for up-to-date schedule information. Virginia Tech does not require nor schedule a personal interview for admission.

    Information on undergraduate admission may be obtained by contacting:

Office of Undergraduate Admissions
201 Burruss Hall, Virginia Tech
Blacksburg VA 24061
Phone: 540/231-6267
Fax: 540/231-3242
540/231-9175 TDD (8 a.m.-noon, 1 p.m.-5 p.m., M-F)

Admission, Early

    High school juniors with exceptional qualifications may be considered for admission to Virginia Tech before high school graduation. General application procedures and deadlines are the same as for seniors, with the following additional documentation also required: written endorsement from the director of guidance or the principal; a letter from the parents or guardian supporting the decision; and a statement from the applicant outlining the reasons for seeking college entrance after the junior year. Each of these statements should address the student's academic and social preparedness for college. The applicant must rank academically in the top 10 percent of the high school junior class and have official SAT scores on record of at least 1300 (minimum 620 critical reading, 600 math). Prospective applicants should take the SAT examination during the fall of their junior year in high school so that scores will be available when freshman applications are reviewed during January, February, and March.

Admission, Freshman Process

    When applying for admission as a freshman, the applicant must send the following materials to the Office of Undergraduate Admissions prior to the above deadlines:

    1. Official application and application fee (non-refundable): $50 for freshmen, transfer, and non-degree students; $70 for international students.

      Please note: we expect students to apply online at

    2. An official or unofficial copy of the secondary school record (transcript), including grades on all work through the junior year.
    3. A list of the courses in which the applicant is, or will be, enrolled as a senior. The applicant's record through the first semester of the senior year is also reviewed in the freshman admissions process. Mid-year grade reports should be sent to the Office of Undergraduate Admissions as soon as available.
    4. Official scores on the SAT or the ACT.
    5. Discharge certificate (DD214) if the applicant is a veteran.

    An Early Decision Option is available for students with strong qualifications and a sincere desire to attend Virginia Tech. Those interested in Early Decision must choose that option on the application form and submit all required credentials by November 1. All Early Decision applicants are notified of their admission status by December 15. Early Decision applicants may be offered admission, deferred to the regular applicant pool, or denied admission. (Students denied admission under Early Decision are no longer admissible to Virginia Tech and should not reapply for Regular Decision for the same term.) Applicants deferred to the regular decision pool will receive unbiased consideration during this admission process. Early Decision is a binding agreement in which applicants agree to apply only to Virginia Tech under an Early Decision option and, if offered admission, submit the matriculation deposit by January 15. This does not mean that Early Decision applicants cannot apply to other institutions as regular-decision applicants, but rather that Virginia Tech is their first choice and, if offered admission under Early Decision, they will withdraw applications to other institutions, and accept the Virginia Tech offer.

    Freshman applicants applying for Regular Decision must submit a completed application by January 15 and will receive a notification of the admission decision by April 1. If offered admission, the applicant will receive an official offer letter, instructions to apply online for housing, and instructions to download the state-required health history form. Virginia Tech subscribes to the National Candidate's Reply Date of May 1 for freshmen offered admission for the fall semester.

Admission, International Applicants Process (Undergraduate)

    International applicants for undergraduate admission are generally considered out-of-state students for tuition purposes and should apply using the Application for International Admission. International student applicants must meet all freshman or transfer requirements, as previously outlined. International freshman applicants must submit SAT or ACT scores. In addition, international students whose native language is not English must document proficiency in the English language by submitting a TOEFL (Test of English as a Foreign Language) score. Official copies of all scores must be submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Admissions.

    The TOEFL test is required of all applicants who are not native speakers of English, in addition to all foreign students with visas, except those raised or schooled in Australia, Canada, Great Britain, Ireland, Jamaica, or other countries in which English is the language of instruction. A TOEFL score of at least 550 on the paper-based TOEFL test, at least 207 on the computer-based TOEFL, or a score of 80 (with no subscore below 16) on the Internet-based test is required, although achieving the minimum score is no guarantee of admission. Transfer applicants who have completed two semesters or terms of a non-ESL English composition course with above-average grades at an accredited U.S.-based college or university are not required to submit TOEFL scores.

    Non-English transcripts and documents must be submitted in their original form, accompanied by a certified English translation. Unofficial documents and documents without accompanying English translations will not be accepted.

    International transfer students must submit a syllabus of university study. This description of each course or subject studied (including textbook used and author) must be submitted in English or accompanied by a certified English translation of the syllabus. Applications without this information cannot be considered. All university-level work completed outside the United States must be evaluated by a professional educational credential evaluation service. (A listing of credential evaluators is linked on the online international application.) No financial aid is available for international students at the undergraduate level. All undergraduate international applicants must certify that they have sufficient funds to pay for their education at Virginia Tech prior to being issued an I-20 or IAP-66.

    All international students holding F-1 and J-1 visas must purchase health and accident insurance.

    The Cranwell International Center ( provides a full range of services to international students at Virginia Tech. Such services include an orientation program especially designed to meet the needs of new international students, as well as immigration counseling and counseling for personal and financial problems. The center also coordinates a variety of cross-cultural programs designed to facilitate interaction between American and international students.


Admission and Applying as a Non-Degree-Seeking Student (Undergraduate)

    Virginia Tech makes every effort to provide educational opportunities to individuals who are not seeking a degree from the university, but who wish to continue their education by taking courses at Virginia Tech for college credit or, in some cases, degree credit. Such students include, but are not limited to, highly qualified high school juniors, students enrolled in other colleges or universities, and senior citizens. Non-degree applicants must be in good standing from all previously attended educational institutions.

    Students who enroll at Virginia Tech under this program may not be considered candidates for degrees unless they apply formally for regular undergraduate or graduate admission. At that time, minimum requirements must be met and the applicant's academic and disciplinary record at Virginia Tech and all other colleges and universities attended would be reviewed within the context of the current competition for regular admission.

Applying as a Non-Degree-Seeking Student

    When applying as a non-degree-seeking student, the applicant must send the following materials to the admissions office:

    1. Official application for admission as a non-degree-seeking student, plus a $50 application fee (non-refundable). (Please note: We prefer that students apply online at Summer-only students should apply at
    2. While test scores and transcripts normally are not required for non-degree-seeking students, they are required of high school students. High school students must be at the junior level or beyond, rank in the top 10 percent of their class with SAT scores of at least 1300 (minimum 620 critical reading, 600 math), and have written permission from a high school official to take a specific class. Such students cannot take a course that duplicates one offered at their high school. The Admissions Committee may request SAT scores and transcripts of any non-degree-seeking student.
    3. A letter explaining the purpose of attending Virginia Tech as a non-degree-seeking student. In some cases, the Admissions Committee may request an interview.

    Non-degree seeking stduents may apply online at The application should be submitted by the published deadline for the term selected (April 15 for Summer Session I, June 1 for Summer Session II, August 1 for Fall), as noted at If accepted, the applicant will receive an official notice of admission via e-mail along with other related forms.

Restrictions on Non-Degree-Seeking Students
  1. Students who have been denied admission to Virginia Tech as freshmen or transfer students normally will not be eligible for reconsideration as non-degree-seeking students.
  2. Non-degree-seeking students will be able to register on a space-available basis only. Until the deadline for adding classes, such students may be required to drop a class if the number of degree-seeking students exceeds the number of available spaces in a particular class.
  3. Non-degree-seeking students will be permitted to attempt up to 40 hours at Virginia Tech, not to exceed 11 hours in any one term during the academic year or 5 hours in either summer school term.
  4. Non-degree-seeking students are required to maintain an overall GPA of at least 2.0.
  5. Non-degree-seeking students are not eligible for financial aid or scholarships.
  6. Students who have previously been enrolled at Virginia Tech should not reapply as non-degree-seeking students. Former students who left the university in good standing may register for classes through Hokie SPA ( Former students who did not leave the university in good standing may contact the academic dean’s office in the college in which their major was located.

Admission (Undergraduate), Transfer Process

    Admission is offered on a competitive basis to transfer applicants with the strongest academic records, as long as space is available in their chosen fields of study.

    Competitive applicants have a GPA of 3.0 or better. In majors where applications exceed available space such as architecture, industrial design, interior design, and landscape architecture), the competitive GPA will be considerably higher. The majors in the School of Design, which include architecture, industrial design, interior design, and landscape architecture, are reviewed on the most selective basis and generally demand GPAs above 3.7 (on a 4.0 scale). (Please note that transfer students admitted into School of Design majors will be required to begin their studies during the summer term and are required to enroll in the summer qualifying design lab.) The most important factors considered for admission are: completion or substantial progress toward completing prerequisite courses, particularly freshman English, math, and science appropriate for the intended major; and overall GPA in college course work.

    Applicants from accredited colleges and universities, including applicants from Virginia community colleges who have completed two full academic years and have received an associate's degree in the University Parallel College/Transfer Program, must (1) have completed all entrance requirements, or their equivalents, in their college developmental program; (2) have a minimum GPA of "C" (2.0 on a 4.0 scale) in all previous college work attempted; and (3) be in good standing with all colleges or universities attended. The applicant's overall grade point average and the quality of the student's former academic program are critical factors in admissions considerations. Most transfer applicants who are offered admission have a minimum GPA of 3.0 (on a 4.0 scale). Prospective applicants from the Virginia Community College System will find information about guaranteed admissions agreements at

    Transfer applicants must send the following application materials to the Office of Undergraduate Admissions, 104 Burruss Hall:

    1. Official application and application fee (non-refundable): $50 for freshmen, transfer, and non-degree students;
      $70 for international students.

      Please note: we expect students to apply online at

    2. Unofficial or official transcripts covering all college-level course work, through the last term enrolled. (To be cleared for final admission, applicants who have accepted the offer of admission must provide the admissions office with final official transcripts from all colleges previously attended in order for transfer credit to be evaluated.)
    3. A list of the courses in which the applicant is currently enrolled.
    4. Official and complete secondary school record, showing all grades and date of graduation. Transfer students must also meet minimum requirements set forth for high school students.
    5. Discharge certificate (DD214) if the applicant is a veteran.

    Completed applications are considered and decisions are made by the Admissions Committee. If offered admission, the applicant will receive an official notice of admission and related forms.

    Transfer applications for summer/fall admission are due February 15, and will receive notification of the admissions decision by May 1. Students offered admission must respond to the offer by June 1. If space is available, transfer applications for spring admission are due October 1, decisions are mailed by November 15, and responses are due December 15.


Advanced Placement

    Through Advanced Placement examinations administered each year by the College Entrance Examination Board, exceptionally qualified high school graduates may be considered for advanced placement in certain subjects in which they show a proficiency. Final determination of credit will be made after the test results have been evaluated by the university. Students must have scores sent directly to the Office of the University Registrar at Virginia Tech (school code 5859) from the College Entrance Examination Board. If scores were not directed to the University Registrar at the time of the examination, contact the College Board at (888) 308-0013.

    Credits allowed for advanced placement are shown as transfer hours on Hokie SPA. These credits, not to exceed 38 semester hours, are counted as hours passed when considering academic eligibility. A student may decline advanced credit only during the first semester of enrollment at Virginia Tech. Refer to the Office of the University Registrar’s website at for information and to view the AP Credit Table. Questions about Advanced Placement credit should be directed to the Office of the University Registrar at

    Advanced Placement Credit Table

Advanced Standing

    Advanced standing refers to an arrangement that permits a student to be placed in a course without having completed the normal prerequisites. Credit may be awarded for specific courses based upon grades achieved in specific external tests and/or achievements.

    Advanced standing without credit will be allowed for satisfactory completion of one to five years of study in a foreign language in a secondary school.

    Advanced standing with credit will be allowed for exceptional performances on certain tests and/or achievements in mathematics, English, the International Baccalaureate program, or the terminal year at selected international secondary schools. Credit will not exceed 38 semester hours.

    Credit by examination, not to exceed 12 semester hours, will be allowed by special examination where exceptional command of a subject is demonstrated.

    Advanced Standing based on completion of any College-level Examination Program (CLEP) exams is granted at the discretion of the individual departments.

Applying to Graduate School

    Students interested in working toward an advanced degree at Virginia Tech should contact the Graduate School for an application (


Applying to Summer Sessions

    Virginia Tech offers two summer sessions of approximately six weeks each. Credit courses on other than the regular time schedule, including intensive courses for teachers, are also offered. The summer sessions program features a comprehensive offering of courses and special programs, including online courses, study abroad programs, and a few undergraduate courses in Northern Virginia.

    Enrolled Virginia Tech students, as well as visiting students, are invited to participate in summer sessions. Enrolled students follow the same registration procedure for summer courses as they would for fall and spring. New or visiting students may enroll in summer sessions in either a degree or non-degree status. Such students should visit for information. Entering freshmen and transfer students should contact the Office of Undergraduate Admissions to be cleared for summer entry. Freshman applicants wishing to change term of entry to summer should e-mail Entering graduate students should contact the Graduate School.

    On-campus housing is available in the summer. For more information, contact the Housing Office at 540/231-6207 or, or visit

    Summer students have access to most university academic, athletic, and recreational facilities and programs, including the Horticulture Gardens and miles of cycling and walking trails. In addition, the Summer Arts Festival provides free movies, concerts, and exhibits.

    Additional information is available at


Entrance Tests

    Freshman applicants are required to take the SAT or ACT. (Students who opt to take only the ACT also should take the ACT writing test.) The SAT or ACT should be taken by the December test date of the senior year in high school or earlier, as scores are considered in the admissions application process. Information on these tests may be obtained from high school guidance directors or principals, or by writing directly to the College Entrance Examination Board, Princeton, New Jersey, or the ACT program in Iowa City, Iowa. The tests are given at centers in Virginia, in all other states, and in many foreign countries. The applicant should arrange to have all test scores sent directly to the admissions office by the testing agency or high school. Virginia Tech's CEEB number for reporting test scores is 5859. The ACT code is 4420.

    International applicants whose native language is not English, and American applicants who are English-speaking but whose native language is not English also are required to take the Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL).


Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Statement

    Virginia Tech does not discriminate against employees, students, or applicants on the basis of age, color, disability, gender, national origin, political affiliation, race, religion, sexual orientation or veteran status. Discrimination or harassment on any of these bases is prohibited by Policy 1025, "Anti-Discrimination and Harassment Prevention Policy." The university is subject to Titles VI and VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Sections 503 and 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the Age Discrimination in Employment Act, the Vietnam Era Veterans' Readjustment Assistant Act of 1974, the Federal Executive Order 11246, Virginia's State Executive Order Number Two, and all other rules and regulations that are applicable.

    Policy 1025 may be viewed at Those having questions or concerns about this policy, any of these regulations, or related issues should contact: Office for Equal Opportunity, 336 Burruss Hall (0216), Blacksburg, VA 24061, (540) 231-7500, TTY: (540) 231-9460,


International Baccalaureate

    Virginia Tech recognizes the International Baccalaureate (IB) diploma or individual International Baccalaureate courses with advanced standing if the student scores at least a four on the International Baccalaureate higher-level examinations. The university encourages completion of the IB diploma. Students must have scores sent directly to the Office of the University Registrar at Virginia Tech from the IBO Board. If scores were not directed to the University Registrar upon completion of the diploma or certificate, refer to the IBO website at for information on how to have the results sent.

    The additional value of the complete IB diploma is recognized in evaluating a student's record for admission and for advanced standing with credits. Subsidiary level courses are considered for advanced standing only for students who complete the IB diploma. Up to 38 semester credit hours may be granted for those earning the IB diploma, and up to 30 semester credit hours for those without the IB diploma. Credits granted for IB courses are shown as transfer hours on Hokie SPA. These credits are counted as hours passed when considering academic eligibility.

    Refer to the Office of the University Registrar’s website at for information and to view the IB Credit Table. Questions about IB credit should be directed to the Office of the University Registrar at



    Freshmen: All new freshmen and their parents attend a two-day summer orientation program. Students who are entering Virginia Tech in the summer or fall will receive summer orientation information shortly after they accept Virginia Tech's offer of admission.

    This summer orientation program, conducted by the Student Life Office, provides students and parents with an introduction to life at Virginia Tech. Students are required (and parents are invited) to spend the night in a residence hall, eat in campus dining halls, and participate in a wide range of programs concerning campus life. During orientation freshmen will meet with college or department representatives and register for fall semester classes.

    All new students also are invited to participate in HOKIE HI activities (coordinated by Student Life) scheduled during the first several days of fall semester that includes a Welcome Back Picnic in Lane Stadium the day before classes begin. The week before classes begin in the fall the corps holds an additional one-week orientation for freshmen cadets.

    Freshman students who will enter Virginia Tech in the spring semester rather than in the fall are invited to attend an orientation program in January before the beginning of spring classes.

    All new transfer students attend a one-day summer orientation program in July. Information is available at

Requirements, Computer

    Students are required to have their own personal computer. The university annually establishes baseline specifications for each new entering class. Transfer students are subject to the requirement that was in place for students at the same class level into which they enter. Broad specifications are announced mid-May for students entering in the fall of the next academic year. Some departments and colleges recommend a specific configuration from among the options outlined by the university. Virginia Tech requires that entering students have a laptop or tablet computer and strongly recommends that entering students obtain a computer that meets (or exceeds) the university general specifications. If you have declared a major, check the college and department specifications. Complete information about the computer requirement can be found online at

Requirements, Minimum Freshman Entrance

    A student must complete a minimum of 18 units before enrolling at Virginia Tech. One unit is equal to one academic year of study in a selected course. Students who will graduate from a program other than an accredited high school program should check the ’What do we look for’ section at, and contact the Office of Undergraduate Admissions for additional information.

    At least 14 of the 18 units must be academic or college preparatory units. Academic or college preparatory units are courses in English, language studies, mathematics, natural sciences, social sciences, and fine arts. They must be distributed as indicated below. At least a "C" average (2.0 on a 4.0 scale) is required in academic courses for the student to be considered for admission. However, because admission to Virginia Tech is competitive, those offered admission have much higher credentials.

    Of the 18 required units, the following minimums must be met:

    • English - 4 units, one in each year of high school.
    • Math - 3 units, including algebra I, algebra II and geometry. Admission preference will be given to those who complete math beyond algebra II. A fourth unit of math is required for engineering, building construction, chemistry, computer science, mathematics, physics, and statistics majors. A fourth unit of math is strongly recommended for Pamplin College of Business majors. The fourth unit of math must include one-half unit of trigonometry and one-half unit of advanced algebra or higher mathematics. A fifth unit of math (e.g., calculus) is preferred for engineering majors.
    • Social Science - 2 units; 1 unit must be in history.
    • Laboratory Science - 2 units; units must be chosen from biology, chemistry, or physics. 3 units (including chemistry and physics) are required in engineering and recommended for all science-related majors.
    • Additional Academic Units - 3 units from college preparatory courses. These may be electively chosen from English, natural sciences, social sciences, history, mathematics, computer science, language studies, and fine arts. These courses must be comparable in content and purpose to other required academic or college preparatory courses.
    • The remaining 4 units may be selected from any course offerings for which the high school grants credit toward graduation.
    By the time they graduate from the university, students must meet a language study requirement. The minimum requirement may be met in high school by completing 2 units of a single foreign or classical language. Some majors in the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences and the College of Science may require 3 units. The requirement also may be met after admission by one of the following:
    • Earning 6 semester hours of college-level foreign or classical language credit.
    • Receiving credit by examination for a foreign or classical language.
    Such credits are in addition to that number normally required for graduation.

    Virginia Tech reserves the right to deny admission to students who have been dismissed or suspended for academic or disciplinary reasons or to those convicted of a felony or a serious misdemeanor impacting the safety of the University community.


Student Health History

    Each student entering Virginia Tech must furnish a health history form, completed by a home physician, for the University Student Health Services. The form will be available online to applicants who accept the offer of admission. Failure to meet Health Services standards may result in dismissal from the university. Information is available at

Transfer Student Credentials, Evaluation of

    Official final academic transcripts from all colleges previously attended should be submitted to the Office of Undergraduate Admissions. Courses from another institution in which a grade of "C-" or lower was earned, and courses taken on a pass/fail or audit basis, are not acceptable for transfer credit. Grades in transfer courses do not transfer or appear on a student’s record at Virginia Tech, and are not included in a student’s Virginia Tech GPA computation. Only grades of "C" or higher in courses consistent with those offered at Virginia Tech are certified for transfer credit. Credit will be awarded based on Virginia Tech policies.

    Courses for which a student received credit by exam, Advanced Placement (AP) credit, or credit for life experiences at another university are not transferable. AP, IB and CLEP scores should be sent directly to the University Registrar at Virginia Tech from the testing services; credit cannot be awarded from high school transcripts. Refer to the Office of the University Registrar’s website at for contact information for testing services and to view the AP, IB, CLEP Credit Tables.

    No more than 50 percent of the credits required for graduation from Virginia Tech may be transferred from two-year colleges. To receive transfer credit, official academic transcripts from all colleges previously attended should be received in the Office of the University Registrar no later than the end of the first term of the student's enrollment at Virginia Tech. Class standing will be based upon the number of credits designated as acceptable for meeting graduation requirements. All transfer credits are used in the computation of academic eligibility. An online preliminary evaluation of transfer credit is made available to transfer applicants who have been offered admission.

    International transfer students are required to submit additional documentation. For a list of required documentation see

    Virginia Tech reserves the right to deny admission to students who have been dismissed or suspended for academic or disciplinary reasons or to those convicted of a felony or a serious misdemeanor impacting the safety of the University community.

Transfer Policy of Virginia Community College Students

    Per State Policy on Transfer, students who take their entire course work (native Virginia Community College or Richard Bland students) toward the baccalaureate degree by enrolling in transfer programs at a Virginia Community College or Richard Bland College, who graduate with associate degrees based upon a baccalaureate-oriented sequence of courses, and who are offered admission to Virginia Tech will be granted junior level status upon admission. Additionally, these students will have fulfilled the requirements of the Curriculum for Liberal Education. However, it may take such students longer than two years to complete the baccalaureate degree because of major prerequisites and other circumstances or requirements. Non-native students are those students who do not begin their college work at a Virginia Community College, or transfer credits to the Virginia Community College to complete the transfer associate degree.

    Admission preference shall be given to transfer students who have completed an A.A., A.S., or A.A.S. (Associate in Arts and Sciences) at the Virginia Community College System or Richard Bland College. While some courses from the Associate of Applied Science degree from a Virginia Community College or Richard Bland College may transfer to Virginia Tech, the Associate of Applied Science degree does not transfer. Transfer students shall have the same opportunities as other students in areas of residence and dining programs, registration, and scholarships and financial aid.

    Complete Virginia Tech Transfer Guide