Electrical and Computer Engineering
Head and Roanoke Electric Steel Professor in Engineering: Luke Lester
University Distinguished Professor: F. C. Lee and D. Boroyevich
University Distinguished Professor Emeritus: A. G. Phadke
Alumni Distinguished Professor Emeritus: C. W. Bostian
Bradley Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Electromagnetics: G. S. Brown
Thomas Phillips Professor Emeritus: W. L. Stutzman
American Electric Power Professor: Chen-Ching Liu
Clayton Ayre Professor: A. Wang
Joseph R. Loring Professor in ECE: S. Rahman
Willis G. Worcester Professor in ECE: J. H. Reed
Virginia Microelectronics Consortium Professor: M. Agah
James S. Tucker Professor in ECE: J. S. Lai
Grant A. Dove Professor: Yue (Joseph) Wang
J. Byron Maupin Professor: W. A. Scales
Bradley Distinguished Professor of ECE: Y. T. Hou
Bradley Professor of Cybersecurity: L. DaSilva
Professor Emeritus: J. R. Armstrong, A. A. Beex, I. M. Besieris, R. P. Broadwater, C. R. Clauer, W. A. Davis, D. A. deWolf, F. G. Gray, T. Pratt, K. Ramu, S. M. Riad, F. W. Stephenson, and H. F. VanLandingham
Associate Professor Emeritus: R. W. Conners, W. R. Cyre, R. L. Moose, and C. E. Nunnally
Professors: A. L. Abbott, M., P. Ampadu, P. M. Athanas, S. M. Bailey, R. M. Buehrer, R. Burgos, V. A. Centeno, G.D. Earle, D. S. Ha, M. S. Hsiao, M. T. Jones, G. Q. Lu, T. L. Martin, S. F. Midkiff, L. M. Mili, L. Nazhandali, K. Ngo, M. Orlowski, J-M. Park, P. Plassmann, T.-C. Poon, B. Ravindran, J. M. Ruohoniemi, W. Saad, A. Safaai-Jazi, L. Smith, A. Stavrou, D. J. Stilwell, J. Tront, H. Wang, Y. Xu, J. Xuan, and Y. Yang
Associate Professors: J. Baker, W. T. Baumann, R., T. Chantem, J. De La Ree Lopez, H. Dhillon, S. W. Ellingson, R. Gerdes, L. J. Guido, M. Hudait, Q. Li, L. Liu, M. Manteghi, A. Mehrizi-Sani, C. D. Patterson, J. Paul, C. L. Wyatt, Yang(Cindy) Yi, G. Yu, H. Zeng, and Yizheng Zhu
Assistant Professors: D. Dong, C. DiMarino, T. Doan, M. Ghassemi, J.-B. Huang, R. Jia, X. Jia, M. Jin, V. Kekatos, E. Lind, Ch. Min, R. Williams, W. Zhou, and Yunhui Zhu
Collegiate Professors: S. Dunning, C. Jones, V. Kovanis, T. Talty
Collegiate Associate Professors: K. L. Cooper, S. Ransbottom
Collegiate Assistant Professor: A. M. Boker, K. Giles, S. Ha, M. Lanzerotti
Adjunct Professors of Practice: D. M. Sable, E. Meadows, and K. R. Schulz
Assistant Professors of PracticeL P. Han, A. Sarker, and S. Yu
Advanced Instructors: J. Thweatt
Instructors: A. Ball
The Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering offers bachelor of science degrees in electrical engineering (EE) and computer engineering (CPE). The difference between these two degrees is one of emphasis. Electrical engineering concentrates on physical processes and design in communications and networking; energy and power electronics systems; controls, robotics, and autonomy; micro- and nanoelectronics; space systems; RF and microwaves; and photonics. Computer engineering emphasizes the development of computer hardware and associated technical areas, such as networks and cybersecurity; machine learning; chip-scale integration; controls, robotics and autonomy; and software systems. In addition to undergraduate degrees, the department also offers M.S., M.Eng., and Ph.D. programs in both EE and CPE. An accelerated undergraduate/graduate (UG/G) program is available for qualified undergraduates.
Electrical engineers (EEs) and computer engineers (CPEs) create important and exciting technologies, systems and applications that make the world a better place for all of us. EEs and CPEs are inventing new ways to generate, distribute and use electric power that are more efficient, more sustainable and friendlier to the environment. For example, wider use of solar energy relies on improved photovoltaic devices, power electronics for energy conversion, and power grids. Some of our most critical global infrastructures, including the Internet, mobile voice and data networks, and the electric power grid are designed by EEs and CPEs. And, EEs and CPEs design sensors and embedded systems to monitor intelligent buildings and transportation systems. Applying innovative technologies to biology and the healthcare industry, EEs and CPEs create techniques for medical imaging, micro-electromechanical systems for medical diagnostics, implantable devices for health monitoring and drug delivery, and information systems to improve healthcare delivery. To meet the challenge of cybersecurity, EEs and CPEs design hardware and software for cryptographic algorithms and develop methods to ensure private communications through the Internet and wireless devices. They design new devices and systems for high-performance computing and networking. They build satellites and instruments to improve communications and enhance our knowledge of space and the Earth. And, EEs and CPEs enhance our leisure time by creating new ways to listen to music, watch movies, play games, communicate with friends, and build social networks.
Students in the Bradley Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering learn from faculty who work at the cutting-edge of engineering research and bring the excitement of their discoveries to the classroom. Engineers want to make things that work. EE and CPE students get hands-on opportunities to build components and systems from the beginning of their studies. In the freshman year, students explore applications of electrical and computer engineering, such as medical imaging and cryptography. In the sophomore year, EE and CPE students use personal, portable equipment and components to build and explore simple digital and analog electronic systems, which become more complex each semester. Laboratories and team projects throughout the curriculum contribute to an enriching hands-on, minds-on learning experience. By their senior year, students have the option of participating in a team-based, industry-sponsored design project that spans two semesters in which they solve real-world engineering problems while learning project management and team-building skills.
Electrical engineering and computer engineering are dynamic and fast changing fields that drive innovation and solutions to global challenges. The ECE faculty has created a program of study that provides each graduate with a firm foundation in mathematics, physics, and engineering principles, and with broad experience in different areas of EE and CPE. The program enables our graduates to excel in their EE and CPE specialties, while gaining the tools to adapt to the technical changes and career opportunities they will experience in the future. EE and CPE students develop effective communication and teamwork skills and gain knowledge of ethics, all of which are essential to professional success. EE and CPE graduates are prepared to pursue careers in industry and government, advanced graduate work in EE and CPE, and other advanced professional degrees.
ECE seeks to develop tomorrow's engineering and technical leaders and innovators. Students can enhance their undergraduate experience by participating in multidisciplinary team projects, cooperative education and internships, research experiences for undergraduates, study abroad programs, dual degree and minor programs in other fields, and mentoring programs. The Cooperative Education (co-op) and Internship Program is highly recommended, as is participation in professional societies, including the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), Eta Kappa Nu (HKN) and the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM). ECE works with the Ted and Karyn Hume Center for National Security and Technology to develop future leaders for the US government. ECE offers many scholarships for academic excellence, leadership and service, as well as for participation in various special academic programs.
The graduation requirements in effect during the academic year of admission to Virginia Tech apply. Requirements for graduation are listed on checksheets. Students must satisfactorily complete all requirements and university obligations for degree completion. The university reserves the right to modify requirements in a degree program.
Please visit the University Registrar's website at https://www.registrar.vt.edu/graduation-multi-brief/checksheets.html for degree requirements.
1004: INTRODUCTION TO ECE CONCEPTS Introduction to topics that span the field of electrical and computer engineering (ECE). Content presented through the lens of application with accompanying hands-on exercises. Basics of circuits, op-amps, power supplies, computer logic, system decomposition, and coding. Modeling and application of engineering professionalism. Exploration of ECE in society. Pre: ENGE 1215 (C- or better) Co: MATH 1114 or MATH 2114 Pre: ENGE 1215 or ENGE 1414. (3H,3C)
1574: OBJECT-ORIENTED ENGINEERING PROBLEM SOLVING WITH C++ Problem solving techniques for engineering problems, primarily from the fields of electrical and computer engineering; procedural and object-oriented program development, editing, compiling, linking, and debugging using the C++ programming language. Must have C- or better in the prerequisites. Pre: (ENGE 1024 or ENGE 1215 or ENGE 1414), (MATH 1205 or MATH 1205H or MATH 1225). (2H,2L,3C)
2004: ELECTRIC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS Introduction to the basic laws and techniques for the analysis of electric circuits. Calculation of the response of circuits with resistors, independent sources, controlled sources, and operational amplifiers. The transient analysis of basic circuits with R, L, and C components. An introduction to AC analysis and phasors. Pre: ENGE 1104 or ENGE 1204 or ENGE 1114 or ENGE 1216 or ENGE 1414. Co: MATH 2214. (3H,3C)
2014: ENGINEERING PROFESSIONALISM IN ECE Overview of the nature and scope of the electrical and computer engineering profession. Working in a diverse team environment; professional and ethical responsibility; the impact of engineering solutions in a global and societal context; contemporary issues; and life-long learning. Sophomore standing required. Co: 2004 or 2504. (2H,2C)
2024: CIRCUITS AND DEVICES Analysis and design of passive and active circuits under Direct Current (DC), Alternating Current (AC), and switched excitation. Linear circuit analysis techniques for various circuit topologies. Expressing the transient response of first- and second-order linear circuits using time-domain methods. Calculating the AC steady-state response of linear circuits using phasors and immittances. Characterizing the frequency response of linear circuits. Determining operating point and small signal response of non-linear circuits containing diodes and bipolar transistors. Projects demonstrating circuit design processes adhering to professional practices. Pre: 1004, (MATH 2114 or MATH 2114H or MATH 2405H). Co: 2514, 2544, MATH 2214, PHYS 2306. (3H,3C)
2054: APPLIED ELECTRICAL THEORY For students in the Mechanical Engineering program or by permission of the ECE Department. Fundamentals of electric circuits; circuit laws and network theorems, operational amplifiers, energy storage elements, response of first and second order systems, AC steady state analysis. Construction, analysis, and characterization of circuits with student-owned Lab-in-a-Box system. Pre: PHYS 2306. Co: MATH 2214. (2H,2L,3C)
2074: ELECTRIC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS LABORATORY Construction, analysis, and characterization of circuits with student-owned Lab-in-a-Box system. Experiments include: characterization of breadboard backplane wiring; component tolerances; Ohm’s law; Kirchoff’s laws; series and parallel resistors; voltage and current dividers; delta-wye configurations; mesh-current and node- voltage analysis; superposition and Thevenin equivalents; inverting and non-inverting amplifier circuits; series RC and RL circuits; discharging LEDs and integrator and differentiator circuits. Introductory design experiments include a simple voltmeter and a flashing traffic arrow. Must have a C- or better in prerequisites. Pre: ENGE 1104 or ENGE 1204 or ENGE 1114 or ENGE 1216 or ENGE 1414. Co: 2004, MATH 2214. (3L,1C)
2164 (AOE 2664): EXPLORATION OF THE SPACE ENVIRONMENT This introductory course covers a broad range of scientific, engineering, and societal aspects associated with the exploration and technological exploitation of space. Topics covered include: science of the space environment; space weather hazards and societal impacts; orbital mechanics and rocket propulsion; spacecraft subsystems; applications of space-based technologies. (3H,3C)
2204: ELECTRONICS Introduction to basic electronic devices including diodes and transistors and their operating principles. Analysis of electronic circuits operating under dc bias and switching conditions. Applications of devices in digital electronic circuits. Must have a C- or better in prerequisite. Pre: 2004. (3H,3C)
2214: PHYSICAL ELECTRONICS Fundamentals of electrostatics and magnetostatics, transmission lines, impedance matching networks, electromagnetic (EM) waves, and basic operating principles of diodes and metal-oxide semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs). Designing MOSFET biasing, and single-ended and differential amplifier circuits. Basic operating principles of complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) device and its application as a digital inverter. Electronic circuit design adhering to professional and ethical practices. Pre: 2024. (3H,3C)
2274: ELECTRONIC NETWORKS LABORATORY I Principles of operation of electrical and electronic test equipment and applications to measurement of circuit parameters. Transient and steady state response of RLC networks. Applications of laws and theories of circuits. Design, prototyping, and testing of electronic devices and circuits. Must have C- or better in prerequisite. Pre: 2074. Co: 2204. (3L,1C)
2500: COMPUTER ORGANIZATION AND ARCHITECTURE Computer organization and architecture: instruction formats and construction; addressing modes; memory hierarchy (cache, main memory and secondary memory) operation and performance; simple pipelines; basic performance analysis; simple OS functions, particularly as they relate to hardware; virtual memory; computer I/O concepts, including interrupt and DMA mechanisms; intercomputer communication concepts. Must have C- or better in prerequisite 2504. Pre: 2504 or (2544, 2804). (3H,3C)
2504: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER ENGINEERING An introduction to the design and operation of digital computers, including information representation, logic design, integrated circuits, register transfer description, hardware description languages, basic computer organization and assembly-level programming. The relationship between software and hardware is stressed. This course duplicates material in CS2504 and may not be taken for credit towards graduation if CS2504 is also taken. Pre: 1574. (3H,3C)
2514: COMPUTATIONAL ENGINEERING Software development processes for electrical and computer engineering applications. Modeling, simulation, data analysis, and visualization. Computing abstractions and the use of application programming interfaces. Software design and implementation using a procedural, class-based language. Integrated code development and testing. Team-based development of autonomous system applications reinforcing course topics. Pre: 1004. Co: 2544, 2024. (3H,3C)
2524: INTRODUCTION TO UNIX FOR ENGINEERS Fundamental concepts of operating systems, emphasizing a hands-on introduction to UNIX. User interfaces, UNIX shell commands, the UNIX file system, task management, common system utilities, the UNIX programming environment. Students gain experience with system installation and administration. Duplicates CS 2204. Must have C- or better in prerequisite 2574. Pre: 2574. (2H,2C)
2534: MICROCONTROLLER PROGRAMMING AND INTERFACING Operation and applications of microcontrollers, including system level organization, analysis of specific processors, and software and hardware interface design. Pre: 2504. (3H,3L,4C)
2544: FUNDAMENTALS OF DIGITAL SYSTEMS Design and analysis of digital systems. Information representations and computer arithmetic. Switch and gate design within digital logic. Combinational logic analysis and synthesis, Hardware Description Languages (HDL), and hierarchical design. Finite-state machines, synchronous sequential logic analysis and design. Hardware specification and documentation. Register transfer level architectures, computer organization, memories, and digital interfacing. Instruction set architecture and assembly language programming. Emphasis on the relationship between software and hardware. Pre: 1004. Co: 2514, 2024. (3H,3C)
2564: EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Use of microcontroller-based embedded systems as a tool to address digital control and sensing in engineering applications. Modern methodologies for programming microcontrollers including programming under real-time and resource design constraints. Finite-state machine modeling and software implementation. Event-driven programming including polling-based and interrupt-driven input/output. Integration of sensors and actuators, use of standard digital and analog interfaces, and use of hardware peripherals in microcontroller architectures. Design of hardware abstraction layers and software architectures for embedded systems. Integration of hardware peripherals into real-time, software applications. Software toolchains for embedded systems, use of debugger and development and testing methodologies. Professional project management and version control. Pre: 2514, 2544. (3H,3C)
2574: DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHMS Introduces fundamental data structures, algorithms, and abstract data types. Main topics include data structures such as arrays, linked lists, stacks, queues, graphs, and trees, and algorithms such as those that are used for list manipulation, graph searches, sorting, searching, and tree traversals. Implementation of data structures and algorithms in C++. C- or better in prerequisites. Pre: 1574 or (2514, 2804). (3H,3C)
2704: SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS Analysis techniques for signals and systems. Signal representation, including Fourier and LaPlace transforms. System definitions and properties, such as linearity, causality, time invariance, and stability. Use of convolution, transfer functions and frequency response to determine system response. Applications to circuit analysis. Hands-on projects to illustrate and integrate the various concepts. C- or better in prerequisites. Pre: (2004 or 2004H), 2074, (MATH 2214 or MATH 2214H or MATH 2406H). (3H,3C)
2714: SIGNALS AND SYSTEMS Mathematical methods for the analysis and design of continuous and discrete linear, time-invariant systems. Representation of signals using time-domain and frequency-domain methods and the application of Fourier transforms to linear system design and analysis. Descriptions of systems as signal transformations using block diagrams, differential equations, difference equations, convolution, and transfer functions. Applications to signal filtering, measurement, and control of the physical devices. Formal project documentation adhering to professional practices. Pre: 2024, 2514, 2544, (MATH 2214 or MATH 2214H or MATH 2406H). Co: 2564, 2214. (3H,3C)
2804: INTEGRATED DESIGN PROJECT Design, implementation, testing, and validation of a hardware and software solution to an open-ended engineering problem integrating both analog and digital components. Using industrial-caliber test and measurement equipment including: oscilloscopes, function generators, power supplies, and digital multi-meters. Technical documentation and oral presentation of design process and solution. Overview of the scope of the electrical and computer engineering profession and issues related to its societal impact and ethical considerations. Pre: 2024, 2514, 2544. Co: 2214, 2714, 2564. (1H,3L,2C)
2964: FIELD STUDY Variable credit course.
2974: INDEPENDENT STUDY A minimum GPA of 2.0 in all ECE courses is required for enrollment. Variable credit course.
2984: SPECIAL STUDY Variable credit course.
3004: AC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS Application of the basic laws and techniques of circuit analysis to AC circuits. Complex numbers and algebra with an emphasis on phasor representation of circuits. Calculation of the frequency response of circuits with R, L, and C components, independent sources, controlled sources, and operational amplifiers. Analysis of AC steady-state circuits and determination of average power. Magnetically coupled circuits. Laplace and Fourier transforms. Representation of circuits by two-port models. C- or better in prerequisites. Pre: 2704 or (2714, 2804). (3H,3C)
3054: ELECTRICAL THEORY For students in curricula other than ECE. Fundamentals of electric circuits and electronic devices. Specific topics include linear AC and DC circuit analysis, transistors, operational amplifiers, reactive linear elements, filters, transformers, Boolean algebra, combinatorial logic gates, and basic sequential logic devices. Principles of Electromagnetics and its application to antenna systems. Pre: PHYS 2305. Co: MATH 2214. (3H,3C)
3074: AC CIRCUIT ANALYSIS LABORATORY Construction, analysis, and characterization of circuits with student-owned Lab-in-a-Box system. Experiments include: sinusoids and phasors including impedance, admittance, and Kirchhoff’s laws; sinusoidal steady- state including node and mesh analysis, Thevenin and Norton equivalent, and op amps; ac power analysis including instantaneous and average power, power factor, and complex power; magnetically coupled circuits including mutual inductance, energy in a coupled circuit, and transformers; frequency response including transfer functions, Bode plots, resonance, and passive and active filters; and two-port circuits. A C- or better is required for all prerequisites. Pre: 2074 or 2804. Co: 3004. (3L,1C)
3104: INTRODUCTION TO SPACE SYSTEMS AND TECHNOLOGIES Introduction to technologies and computational tools used in space-based applications, including techniques for exploring the planets and the near-Earth geospace environment. Overview of orbits, spacecraft, control of spacecraft, electromechanical system requirements for space-based applications, and space environment interactions with spacecraft systems. Understanding the space environment and the engineering approaches required to operate it. A C- or better is required in prerequisites. Pre: 3105. (3H,3C)
3105-3106: ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS Maxwell’s equations and their application to engineering problems. ECE 3105: transmission lines, introductory electrostatics, introductory magnetostatics, Faraday’s Law, properties of uniform plane waves. ECE 3106: electrostatics and magnetostatics, Maxwell’s Equations, wave propagation in uniform media, the reflection and transmission of plane waves, guided waves, radiation. A C- or better is required in the prerequisites. Pre: 2004 or (2214, 2804), (MATH 2204 or MATH 2406), PHYS 2306 for 3105; 3105 for 310 6. (3H,3C)
3134: INTRODUCTION TO OPTOELECTRONICS Fundamental principles of optoelectronics. The concept of photons, spontaneous emission, and simulated emission. Rate equation analysis of light emitting diodes and lasers. Operation principles and device characteristics of photodetectors and solar cells. Advanced topics such as quantum well and emerging materials. Pre: 2204 or (2214, 2804). (3H,3C)
3154: SPACE SYSTEMS - DESIGN AND VALIDATION Introduction to systems and techniques used in electrical engineering design for space-based applications. Students design, fabricate, and test an electronic system following accepted NASA and industry standards, including functional bench-top tests, thermal testing, vibration testing, and long-duration operational testing. Periodic formal reports will document design approaches and test results. Pre: 3105. Co: 3104. (1H,3L,2C)
3174: OPTOELECTRONICS LABORATORY Characterization of optoelectronic devices such as light emitting diodes, semiconductor lasers, and photodetectors. Characterization and analysis of optical interference, wave propogation in optical fibers, and optical diffraction. Construction of simple optical imaging systems using lenses and bulk optics. Pre: 2274 or 2804. Co: 3134. (3L,1C)
3204: ANALOG ELECTRONICS Small signal modeling of transistors. Basic architecture and functionality of linear amplifiers including transistor biasing circuits, current sources, differential amplifier, common emitter amplifier, common source amplifier, emitter follower, source follower, common base amplifier, and common gate amplifier. Frequency response of single stage and multistage amplifiers. Pre: (2204, 2704) or (2214, 2714, 2804). (3H,3C)
3214: SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE FUNDAMENTALS Fundamental semiconductor device physics associated with intrinsic and doped semiconductor materials, drift-diffusion of charge carriers, and devices with an in-depth coverage of p-n and Schottky diodes, bipolar junction transistors, and metal-oxide semiconductor and junction field effect transistors. Pre: 2204 or (2214, 2804) or MSE 3204. (3H,3C)
3254: INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS Fundamentals of electronics, including basic device principles. Include digital, operational amplifier, and analog analysis for industrial applications and magnetic circuits. For students in the Mechanical Engineering program or by permission of the ECE Department. Pre: 2054. (3H,3C)
3274: ELECTRONIC CIRCUITS LABORATORY II Design, build, and test amplifiers and other electronic circuits to meet specifications. Bipolar and field-effect transistors, diodes, integrated circuits such as operational amplifiers, and passive components are used. Gain, bandwidth, input and output impedance, positive and negative feedback, and circuit stability are implemented in the designs. Digital oscilloscopes, ammeters, voltmeters, function generators, and power supplies are used. A grade of C- or better is required in all pre-requisite courses. Pre: (2274 or 2804), 3074. Co: 3204. (3L,1C)
3304: INTRODUCTION TO POWER SYSTEMS Basic concepts of AC systems, single-phase and three-phase networks, electric power generation, transformers, transmission lines, electric machinery and the use of power. Pre-requisite 3004 with C- or better. Pre: 3004. (3H,3C)
3354: ELECTRIC POWER ENGINEERING LABORATORY Laboratory experiments based on principles of electric power engineering. Co: 3304. (3L,1C)
3514: DATA STRUCTURES & ALGORITHMS Introduction of fundamental data structures, algorithms, and abstract data types. Data structures, arrays, linked lists, stacks, queues, and trees. Algorithms for manipulation, sorting, searching. Tree traversals. Implementation of data structures and algorithms in C++ using good design practices. Pre: 2804. (3H,3C)
3544: DIGITAL DESIGN I Design techniques for combinational and sequential logic. Design of digital circuits using standard integrated circuit chips and programmable logic devices. Computer simulation will be used to validate designs. Prototypes will be constructed to demonstrate design functionality. Pre: 2504 or (2544, 2804). (3H,3L,4C)
3574: APPLIED SOFTWARE DESIGN An introduction to applied software design methods for use in the writing of efficient, reusable, and modular C++ programs. Introduces the use of the following: classes, inheritance, and polymorphism; design patterns; high-level programming techniques using libraries, generics, and containers; widgets, models, and views; software frameworks for embedded systems; and advanced techniques ranging from multi-threading to reflective programming. Pre: 2574. (3H,3C)
3604: INTRODUCTION TO RF & MICROWAVE ENGINEERING Introduction to circuits, devices, and systems for radio frequency (RF) and microwave applications. Fundamentals of antennas, propagation, small signal and power amplifiers, frequency conversion, and frequency synthesis. Tools and concepts including s-parameters, design impedance matching, dynamic range, noise figure, and link budget. Pre: 3105. (3H,3C)
3614: INTRODUCTION TO COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS Analysis and design of communication systems with an emphasis on digital communications based on time and frequency domain analysis. Fourier transform techniques, linear systems, and filtering are reviewed. Power and energy spectral density of communication signals. Sampling and quantization of analog signals. Baseband and binary bandpass digital modulation including line coding, pulse shaping, and both pulse and carrier modulation techniques. Wireless communication system concepts including link budgets and multiple access. Transmitter and receiver design concepts. Signal-to-noise ratio, bit error rate, and their relationship. Analog techniques such as Amplitude Modulation (AM) and Frequency Modulation (FM) radio will be reviewed for conceptual and comparative purposes. Pre: 2704 or (2714, 2804), STAT 4714. (3H,3C)
3704: CONTINUOUS AND DISCRETE SYSTEM THEORY Continuous- and discrete-time system theory. Block diagrams, feedback, and stability theory. System analysis with Bode diagrams. Discrete-time stability, difference equations, Z-transforms, transfer functions, Fourier transforms, and frequency response. Sampling of continuous systems and an introduction to digital filtering. Hands-on projects to illustrate and integrate the various continuous- and discrete-time concepts and tools. Pre: 2704 or (2714, 2804). (3H,3C)
3714: INTRODUCTION TO CONTROL SYSTEMS Introduction to the design of feedback compensation to improve the transient and steady-state performance of systems. Emphasis is on modeling, analysis and analog compensator design for single-input single-output systems. Modeling techniques, root locus analysis and design, the Nyquist criterion, and frequency domain compensation. Pre: 3704. (3H,3C)
3964: FIELD STUDY Variable credit course.
3974: INDEPENDENT STUDY Variable credit course.
3984: SPECIAL STUDY Variable credit course.
4104: MICROWAVE AND RF ENGINEERING Passive and active Radio Frequency and microwave components and circuits for wireless communications; transmission-line theory; planar transmission-lines and waveguides; S-parameters; resonators; power dividers and couplers; microwave filters; sources, detectors, and active devices; modern RF & microwave CAD; measurement techniques. C- or better in prerequisites. Pre: 3106, 3204. (3H,3L,4C)
4114: ANTENNAS Antenna fundamentals, analysis and design principles, and a survey of antenna types including: arrays, wire antennas, broadband antennas, and aperture antennas. Pre: 3106. (3H,3C)
4124: RADIO WAVE PROPAGATION Behavior of radiated electromagnetic waves in terrestrial, atmosphere, space, and urban environments; path, frequency and antenna selection for practical communication systems; propagation prediction. Pre: 3106. (3H,3C)
4134: PHOTONICS Fundamental concepts in photonics technology. Basic principles of optical fibers and components such as Bragg gratings, amplifiers, couplers and modulators used in optical communications and sensing. Propagation, dispersion, bandwidth and nonlinear properties of optical signals in optical waveguides and fibers. Pre: 3105. (3H,3C)
4144: OPTICAL SYSTEMS Fundamental concepts in optical information processing. Ray optics. Optical diffraction. Basic principles and applications of optical imaging using wave optics. Properties of Gaussian Beam. Introduction to Fourier optics, optical spatial filtering, 3D image reconstruction and holography. Pre: 3106. (3H,3C)
4154 (AOE 4654): SPACE WEATHER: THE SOLAR WIND AND MAGNETOSPHERE Solar-terrestrial interactions and space weather: the sun, solar wind, and interplanetary magnetic field; space plasma physics and magnetohydrodynamics; Earth’s magnetosphere and ionosphere; geomagnetic storms and auroral substorms; societal impacts of space weather; planetary magnetospheres; space science instrumentation. Pre: 3105 or AOE 3014. (3H,3C)
4164: INTRODUCTION TO GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM (GPS) THEORY AND DESIGN Fundamental theory and applications of radio navigation with the Global Positioning System GPS. Satellite orbit theory, GPS signal structure and theory, point positioning with pseudoranges and carrier phases, selective availability, dilution of precision, differential GPS, atmospheric effects on GPS signals. Pre: (3105, 2014) or AOE 4134. (3H,3L,4C)
4194: ENGINEERING PRINCIPLES OF REMOTE SENSING Physical principles involved in remote sensing of Earth’s environment and their implementation in engineering systems: fundamentals of electromagnetic wave propagation, scattering by matter, effects of propagation media, passive and active systems, remote sensing platforms, data processing, systems integration, and introductory concepts important for the design and analysis of remote sensing engineering systems. Pre: 3106. (3H,3C)
4205-4206: ELECTRONIC CIRCUIT DESIGN Stability and response of feedback amplifier, wideband amplifiers, operational amplifier characteristics, waveform generators and wave shaping, nonlinear circuit applications, signal generators, and photolithography. Design of analog electronic circuits, circuit simulation, response characterization, and printed circuit construction. C- or better in prerequisites. Pre: 3204 for 4205; 4205 for 4206. (3H,3C)
4220: ANALOG INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN Integrated circuit design in silicon bipolar, MOS (Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor), and BiCMOS (Bipolar Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor) technologies for communications, sensor, instrumentation, data conversion, and power management applications. Models for active devices in bipolar and MOS technologies; transistor-level amplifiers and output stages (amplifier classifications); transistor-level current mirrors and voltage reference generators, transistor-level operational amplifiers; transistor-level feedback circuits; noise and linearity; layout and simulation of analog integrated circuits with modern VLSI CAD (Very Large Scale Integration- Computer Aided Design) software. Pre: 3204. (3H,3C)
4224: POWER ELECTRONICS Switching power converter operation and design; modeling of power converters; power components including power semiconductor devices, inductors, and transformers; control of power converters; select power converter topology for applications such as renewable energy, electric transportation, and telecommunications. Pre: 3204, 3304. (3H,3C)
4234 (MSE 4234): SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING Manufacturing practices used in silicon integrated circuit fabrication and the underlying scientific basis for these process technologies. Physical models are developed to explain basic fabrication steps, such as substrate growth, thermal oxidation, dopant diffusion, ion implantation, thin film deposition, etching, and lithography. The overall CMOS integrated circuit process flow is described within the context of these physical models. Pre: 2204 or (2214, 2804) or 3054. (3H,3C)
4244: INTERMEDIATE SEMICONDUCTOR PROCESSING LABORATORY Design, layout, fabricate, and characterize microelectronic devices. Analyze test results to verify performance to the predetermined specifications. Required oral and written reports. A C- or higher is required in all pre-requisite courses. Pre: (4234 or MSE 4234). (1H,6L,3C)
4284: POWER ELECTRONICS LABORATORY Design and testing of electronic power processing systems for commercial and aerospace applications. Co: 4224. (3L,1C)
4304: DESIGN IN POWER ENGINEERING A study of the principles in electric power engineering. Expert systems, superconductivity, DC transmission, motor control, system protection, high performance motors, solar energy, microcomputer applications, machine design, computer-aided design, digital relaying and space station application. Pre: 3304. (3H,3C)
4334: POWER SYSTEM ANALYSIS AND CONTROL Development of methods for power analysis and control. An analysis and design of systems for steady state, transient, and dynamic conditions. Digital solutions emphasized. Pre: 3304. (3H,3C)
4344: ELECTRIC POWER QUALITY FOR THE DIGITAL ECONOMY Causes, consequences and solutions of power quality problems that affect the operation of computerized processes and electronic systems. Industry standards, monitoring techniques and economic consideration of power quality issues. Pre: 3304. (3H,3C)
4354: POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION Protection of power apparatus and systems. Fuses. Voltage and current transducers. Relays. Coordination of relays. Pilot channels. Grounding practices. Surge phenomena. Insulation coordination. Pre: 4334. (3H,3C)
4364: ALTERNATE ENERGY SYSTEMS Electric energy from alternative energy sources including solar, wind, hydro, biomass, geothermal and ocean. Characteristics of direct conversion, electromechanical conversion, and storage devices used in alternative energy systems. Power system issues associated with integration of small scale energy sources into the electricity grid. Pre: STAT 4714. (3H,3C)
4374: POWER SYSTEM PROTECTION LABORATORY Experimental verification of principles and practice of protective relaying. Experiments and design projects to demonstrate the principles and techniques of industrial power system design. Fuses, time overcurrent, and instantaneous relays. Differential relaying for transformers. Distance relaying. Current and voltage transformers. Pre: 4334. Co: 4354. (3L,1C)
4414 (CS 4224): LINUX KERNEL PROGRAMMING Design and internal organization of the Linux operating system kernel. Kernel subsystems, boot process, memory management, process and thread model, scheduling, interrupt and exception handling, virtual file system and the concrete file system, block I/O and I/O scheduler, network stack, and device drivers. Modification of existing kernel code. Design, implementation, test and evaluation of new kernel modules. Kernel and full software stack debugging techniques, and virtualization as an aid for operating system development and debug. Software engineering techniques to analyze, modify and run a large, complex open-source code base. Pre: 3574 or CS 3114. (3H,3C)
4424 (CS 4824): MACHINE LEARNING Algorithms and principles involved in machine learning; focus on perception problems arising in computer vision, natural language processing and robotics; fundamentals of representing uncertainty, learning from data, supervised learning, ensemble methods, unsupervised learning, structured models, learning theory and reinforcement learning; design and analysis of machine perception systems; design and implementation of a technical project applied to real-world datasets (images, text, robotics). A grade of C- or better in prerequisites. Pre: 2574 or CS 2114, (STAT 4604 or STAT 4705 or STAT 4714). (3H,3C)
4444: TECHNOLOGICAL SINGULARITY True artificial machine intelligence. Societal impact. Historical perspectives. Technological barriers to whole brain emulation. Engineering of superintelligence. Role of consciousness. Cross disciplinary course for students with advanced technical backgrounds, e.g., seniors in engineering, math, physics, biology, or other similar disciplines. (3H,3C)
4454: MULTIMEDIA SIGNAL PROCESSING Signal processing techniques in multimedia systems: concept and principle of multimedia systems; speech analysis and recognition; audio/image/video compression; scene video analysis & understanding; multimedia applications such as human computer interaction, multimedia communication and multimedia security. Pre: 2704 or (2714, 2804). (3H,3C)
4504 (CS 4504): COMPUTER ORGANIZATION Overview of the structure, elements and analysis of modern enterprise computers. Performance evaluation of commercial computing. Past and emerging technology trends. Impact of parallelism at multiple levels of computer architecture. Memory and storage. Fundamental computer system descriptions, Amdahl’s Law, Flynn’s Taxonomy. A grade of C or better required in prerequisites. Pre: 2500 or CS 3214. (3H,3C)
4514: DIGITAL DESIGN II Advanced digital design techniques for developing complex digital circuits. Emphasis on system-level concepts and high-level design representations while meeting design constraints such as performance, power, and area. Methods presented that are appropriate for use with automated synthesis systems. Commercial hardware description language simulation and synthesis tools used for designing a series of increasingly complex digital systems, and implementing those systems using Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs). Pre: 3544. (3H,3L,4C)
4520: DIGITAL AND MIXED-SIGNAL SYSTEM TESTING AND TESTABLE DESIGN Various topics on testing and testable design for digital and mixed-signal systems are studied: fault modeling, logic and fault simulation, fault modeling, automatic test pattern generation, deterministic ATPG, simulation-based ATPG, delay fault testing, design for testability, built-in-self-test and fault diagnosis. Pre: 2574, (3504 or 3544). (3H,3C)
4524: ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE AND ENGINEERING APPLICATIONS Problem solving methods; problem spaces; search techniques; knowledge representation; programming languages for AI; games; predicate logic; knowledge-based systems; machine learning; planning techniques; reactive systems; artificial neural networks; natural language understanding; computer vision; robotics. Pre: 2574, STAT 4714. (3H,3L,4C)
4525-4526: VIDEO GAME DESIGN AND ENGINEERING 4525: Fundamental concepts in the development and engineering of modern 2-D and 3-D real-time interactive computer video games. Game design and engineering principles, game architecture, game mechanics and interaction, computer graphics, strategy, artificial intelligence (AI), optimization, play testing and fuzzy logic are included. 4526: Advanced concepts in the development and engineering of modern 2-D and 3-D real-time interactive computer video systems. Topics include non-player character (NPC) behavior learning, search and planning, player modeling, procedural content generation, AI-assisted game design. Pre: 3574 for 4525; 4525 for 4526. (3H,3C)
4530: HARDWARE-SOFTWARE CODESIGN An introduction to the design of mixed hardware- software systems, focusing on common underlying modeling concepts, the design of hardware-software interfaces, and the trade-offs between hardware and software components. Students will use simulation tools to conduct experiments with mixed hardware- software systems in the area of embedded systems. Pre: (2534 or 2564), 3544. (3H,3C)
4534: EMBEDDED SYSTEM DESIGN Team-based major design experience. Design and implement embedded computer systems that incorporate appropriate engineering standards to solve complex problems that include multiple realistic constraints. Writing design documents and making oral presentations as part of the design process. C- or better required in prerequisites. Pre: (2014, 2534) or (2564, 2804), 3574. (3H,3L,4C)
4540: VLSI CIRCUIT DESIGN Introduction to the design and layout of Very Large Scale Integrated Circuits (VLSI). Emphasis is placed on digital CMOS circuits. Static and dynamic properties of MOSFET devices, along with integrated circuit fabrication are examined. Computer-aided design tools are used to produce working integrated circuit designs. Pre: (2204, 2504) or (2214, 2544, 2804). (3H,3C)
4550: REAL-TIME SYSTEMS Theory, algorithmic and protocol concepts, mechanisms, and implementations of real-time computer systems. Introduction to real-time systems, real-time scheduling, real-time synchronization, real-time operating system kernels, and real-time resource management algorithms (e.g., scheduling, synchronization), their implementations in production operating system kernels, experimental studies of those implementations, and real-time application development. Pre: 3574 or CS 3214. (3H,3C)
4554: INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTER VISION Techniques for automated analysis of images and videos. Image formation, detecting features in images, segmenting or grouping image regions and image features, multiple view geometry, object instance and category recognition in images and video processing. Pre: 3574, (STAT 4705 or STAT 4714). (3H,3C)
4560: COMPUTER AND NETWORK SECURITY FUNDAMENTALS This course introduces fundamental security principles and real-world applications of Internet and computer security. Topics covered in the course include legal and privacy issues, risk analysis, attack and intrusion detection concepts, system log analysis, intrusion detection and packet filtering techniques, computer security models, computer forensics, and distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks. Must have C- or better in ECE 4564 or CS 3214. Pre: 2504 or 4614 or CS 3214. (3H,3C)
4564: NETWORK APPLICATION DESIGN Application program interface and network transport services including User Datagram Protocol and Transmission Control Protocol from the Internet Protocol suite. Client-server organization and design of synchronous, asynchronous, and multithreaded client and server applications. Design, implementation, and testing techniques to improve robustness and performance. Partially duplicates CS 4254 and credit will not be allowed for both. Pre: (2504 or 4614), 2574. (3H,3C)
4570 (CS 4570): WIRELESS NETWORKS AND MOBILE SYSTEMS Multidisciplinary, project-oriented design course that considers aspects of wireless and mobile systems including wireless networks and link protocols, mobile networking including support for the Internet Protocol suite, mobile middleware, and mobile applications. Students complete multiple experiments and design projects. Pre: 4564. (3H,3C)
4574: LARGE-SCALE SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT FOR ENGINEERING SYSTEMS Large-scale software implementations of the hierarchy of engineering analysis, design, and decision evaluation. Computer-aided engineering programs with state-of-the-art computer tools and methods. Operator overloading, dynamic polymorphism, graphical user interfaces, generic programming, dynamic link libraries, and multiple threads. Pre: 3574. (3H,3C)
4580: DIGITAL IMAGE PROCESSING This course provides an introduction to basic concepts, methodologies and algorithms of digital image processing focusing on the two major problems concerned with digital images: (1) image analysis and object restoration for easier interpretation of images, and (2) image analysis and object recognition. Some advanced image processing techniques (e.g., wavelet and multiresolution processing) will also be studied in this course. The primary goal of this course is to lay a solid foundation for students to study advanced image analysis topics such as computer vision systems, biomedical image analysis, and multimedia processing & retrieval. Pre: 2704 or (2714, 2804). (3H,3C)
4584 (ME 4584): ROBOTICS LABORATORY Develop, compile, and test algorithms for serial and mobile robots. Robot forward and inverse kinematics, task planning, velocity kinematics, force rendering, control, haptics, mapping and localization, computer vision and path planning. Co: ME 4524 or ECE 4704 (3L,1C)
4605-4606: RADIO ENGINEERING Wireless application circuit design for gain and filter control at radio frequencies to interface the baseband processing systems and the antennas of communication systems. 4605: Design of radio transmitter and receiver circuits using scattering-parameter methods. Circuits include oscillators, radio frequency amplifiers and matching networks, mixers and detectors. 4606: Design of amplitude, frequency, and pulse-modulated communication systems, including modulators, detectors, and the effects of noise. Design basics and guidelines for phase-locked loops and several power amplifier configurations. Pre: 3105, 3204, 3614 for 4605; 4605 for 4606. (3H,3C)
4614: TELECOMMUNICATION NETWORKS An introduction and overview of the architecture, technology, operation, and application of telecommunication networks. Major topics include the convergence of telephone and computer networks, the layered architecture of computer networks with emphasis on the Internet, and wireless network technology and applications. Pre: (2504, 2704) or (2714, 2804), STAT 4714. (3H,3C)
4624: DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING AND FILTER DESIGN Analysis, design, and realization of digital filters. Discrete Fourier Transform algorithms, digital filter design procedures, coefficient quantization. Pre: C or better in 3704 Pre: 3704. (3H,3C)
4634: DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS System and signal level analysis and design for digital communications systems. Review of analog-to-digital conversion and digital baseband communications. Detailed analysis of digital carrier modulation formats including assessment of signal-to-noise ratio, bit error rate, and power and bandwidth efficiency for amplitude-shift keying (ASK), phase-shift keying (PSK), frequency-shift keying (FSK), and Quadrature-Amplitude Modulation (QAM). Matched filter receivers and receiver design, link budgets, and multiple access. Additive-white-noise Gaussian channels. A detailed discussion of random variables will be included to supplement prerequisite material. A C- or better is required in prerequisites. Pre: 3614. (3H,3C)
4644: SATELLITE COMMUNICATIONS Theory and practice of satellite communications. Orbits and launchers, spacecraft, link budgets, modulation, coding, multiple access techniques, propagation effects, and earth terminals. Pre: 3614. (3H,3C)
4664: ANALOG & DIGITAL COMMUNICATIONS LABORATORY Laboratory experiments which deal with the design and measurement of analog and digital communication systems. Concepts include SNR, Modulation Index, PCM, and spread spectrum. Pre: 3614. Co: 4634. (3L,1C)
4675-4676: RADIO ENGINEERING LABORATORY Laboratory techniques for radio frequencies including the design of amplifiers, oscillators, and a single-side-band receiver. Associated measurements will be used. Pre: 3106, 3204 for 4675; 4675 for 4676. Co: 4605 for 4675; 4606 for 4676. (3L,1C)
4684: DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING LABORATORY I Introduction to modern-day networked technologies such as wireless, social, and economic networks. Analysis of networked technologies using analytical and engineering techniques such as optimization, game/auction theory, graph analysis, and learning as applied to networked technologies. Introduction to the basics of these techniques and their applications in networked systems. Development of a network science for solving practical problems pertaining to various networked systems such as smartphones, Wiki, Facebook, recommendation systems, economic network, or online video/music streaming software. Pre: 2704 or (2714, 2804). (3C)
4704: PRINCIPLES OF ROBOTICS SYSTEMS Introduction to the design, analysis, control, and operation of robotic mechanisms. Introduction to the use of homogeneous coordinates for kinematics, dynamics, and camera orientation; sensors and actuators, control, task planning, vision, and intelligence. II Pre: 2704 or (2714, 2804). (3H,3C)
4805-4806: SENIOR DESIGN PROJECT Industry-like two-semester, team-based major design experience applying knowledge and skills acquired in previous coursework. Design and implement solutions to meet multiple realistic constraints; design to incorporate appropriate engineering standards. A specific, complex engineering design problem is taken from problem definition to product realization and testing. Within the design process, topics include written/oral communication, discourse, ethical reasoning, professional development, project management, and working within a team. 4805: Identify, formulate, and define engineering problem. Generate and select design alternatives. Apply design and analysis methods, from previous courses, to develop, evaluate, and communicate detailed project design. 4806: Implement and refine project design from ECE 4805. Test, analyze, document, and deliver the resulting project outcomes. Pre: 2804 (C-), (12 credit hours of C- or better within their declared disciplinary major) or (9 credit hours of C- or better within their declared disciplinary major and 3 credit hours of C- or better within their secondary focus) for 4805; 4805 (C-) for 4806. Pre: 2804 for 4805; 4805 for 4806. (3H,3C)
4944: CYBERSECURITY SEMINAR Theory and practice of cybersecurity problems and solutions for building secure computing hardware, software, and networks. Technical, social and legal aspects of secure systems. Historical and ongoing attacks that spawn real-world responses. Ongoing research in cybersecurity defenses. Senior standing. Pass/Fail only. Pre: 2504 or CS 2505. (1H,1C)
4964: FIELD STUDY Variable credit course.
4974: INDEPENDENT STUDY A minimum in-major GPA of 2.0 is required for enrollment. Variable credit course. X-grade allowed.
4984: SPECIAL STUDY A minimum in-major GPA of 2.5 is required for enrollment. Variable credit course. X-grade allowed.
4994: UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH A minimum GPA of 2.0 in all ECE courses is required for enrollment. Variable credit course. X-grade allowed.