Welcome to Adobe GoLive 6
Virginia Tech University Registrar

2013-2014 Undergraduate Course Catalog & Academic Policies

Academic Calendars Colleges & Course Descriptions Governance, Administration & Faculty
Academic Policies Financial Information Publication Information
Admissions Information General Information University Academic Advising Center

College of Agriculture and Life Sciences

Animal and Poultry Sciences

www.apsc.vt.edu/
E-mail: apsc@vt.edu

David E. Gerrard, Department Head
John W. Hancock, Jr. Professor: E. A. Wong
Paul Mellon Distinguished Associate Professor of Agriculture: S. E. Johnson
Professors: D. M. Denbow; E. A. Dunnington; M. J. Estienne; D. E. Gerrard; S. P. Greiner; A. F. Harper; H. Jiang; J.W. Knight; R. M. Lewis; M. A. McCann; A. P. McElroy; E. J. Smith; E. A. Wong
Associate Professors: R. A. Dalloul; A. D. Ealy; D. E. Eversole;
S. E. Johnson; R. K. Splan; C. M. Wood
Assistant Professors: M. A. Cline; B. J. Dorshorst; S. W. El-Kadi; E. R. Gilbert;
M. A. Rhoads; R. R. Rhoads, Jr.
Instructors: L. Bergamasco; T. L. McDonald; J. S. McCann; P. J. Pratt; N. Tamim
Lecturer: C. C. Crisman
Research Assistant Professor: H. Shi
Adjunct Professor: P. A. Harris
Career Advisors: D. M. Denbow; E. A. Dunnington, D. E. Eversole, N. Tamim

Student grooming animal

Overview

    Animal and Poultry Sciences provides individuals with a broad science-based education tailored to meet their needs and career goals. The program prepares students for careers in livestock and poultry production, agribusiness, research, and teaching. Our curriculum also provides preparation for professional schools including veterinary medicine, medical school and other health professions, graduate school, etc. This major combines education in the basic sciences of animal and poultry nutrition, genetics, and physiology with management principles as applied to the raising and merchandising of beef cattle, horses, poultry, sheep, swine, and their products. Qualified undergraduates may participate in independent studies, undergraduate research, and summer internship programs. Study abroad opportunities are also available.

    Students choose among three options: production/business, science, and pre-vet. Within each option, emphases are offered in the areas of equine, livestock, and poultry. Specific requirements may be obtained from the departmental advising office (540/231-6936), by e-mail (apsc@vt.edu), or on the web at www.apsc.vt.edu.

    The department also offers opportunities for graduate specialization in the following fields: behavior, genetics, management, nutrition, and physiology. M.S. and Ph.D. programs are offered (see Graduate Catalog).

Course Requirements

First Year
Fall Semester (15)
CHEM 1035, 1045: General Chemistry 4
BIOL 1105, 1115: Prin. of Biology 4
STAT 2004: Intro Statistics 3
APSC 1454, 1464: Intro. to An.& Poul. Sci. 4
Spring Semester (15)
CHEM 1036, 1046: General Chemistry 4
BIOL 1106, 1116: Prin. of Biology 4
MATH 1016: College Math 3
APSC 1504: Anim. & Poul. Science Survey 1
ENGL 1105: Freshman English 3
Second Year
Fall Semester (15)
ENGL 1106: Freshman English 3
AAEC 1005: Economics of Food & Fiber Sys. 3
APSC 2004: Anim. & Poul. Sci. Seminar 1
ALS 2304: Animal Physiology & Anatomy 4
Electives* 4
Spring Semester (15)
AAEC 1006: Economics of Food & Fiber Sys. 3
APSC 3254: Animal Products 3
ALS 3204: Animal Nutrition and Feeding 3
Electives* 6
Third Year
Fall Semester (12)
ALS 3104: Animal Breeding & Genetics 3
AAEC 2104, 2434, 3404, 3454 or MGT 3304 3
Electives* 6
Spring Semester (15)
ALS 3304: Physiol. of Repro. in Dom. Anim. 3
APSC 4004: Contemporary Issues in the Animal Sciences 2
Electives* 10
Fourth Year
Fall Semester (15)
Choose one (or two):
APSC 4404: Poultry Management (4)
APSC 4414 Beef Production (4) 4
Capstone Experience 2
Electives* 9
Spring Semester (15)
Choose one (or two):
APSC 4424: Horse Production(4)
APSC 4444 Swine Production (3)
Electives* 11 or 12

    Note: Advisors work with students to individualize the course of study.

    * Electives must include Area 2, Area 6 and Area 7 selections; 38 emphasis requirements & restricted electives approved by your advisor; and free electives.

Satisfactory Progress

    By the end of the academic year in which the student has attempted 72 hours (including transfer, advanced placement, advanced standing and credit by examination) "satisfactory progress" will consist of:

    • a grade point average of at least 2.0
    • passing at least 24 credits that apply to the Curriculum for Liberal Education
    • passing the following:
      CHEM 1035, 1036, 1045, 1046
      APSC 1454, 1464
      At least 7 hours from ALS 2304, 3104 or 3204
TOP

Undergraduate Course Descriptions (APSC)
(ALS) (FST) (BMVS)


1454: INTRODUCTION TO ANIMAL & POULTRY SCIENCE
Survey of systems of livestock and poultry production including:  concepts and terminology pertaining to management and marketing; types and breeds of livestock and poultry; and an introduction to nutrition, genetics, physiology, and management of beef cattle, horses, sheep, swine and poultry. (3H,3C) I, II.

1464: ANIMAL AND POULTRY SCIENCE LABORATORY
Management practices and concepts related to efficient livestock and poultry production and marketing are taught through demonstrations and hands-on experience. Co: 1454. (3L,1C) I,II.

1504: ANIMAL AND POULTRY SCIENCES SURVEY
Orientation course for new or prospective students in Animal and Poultry Sciences.  Explanation of the extension, teaching and research missions of the Animal and Poultry Sciences Department; academic requirements for majors and the planning of each student's curriculum; strategies for academic success; survey of career opportunities for Animal and Poultry Sciences majors. Pass/Fail only. (1H,1C) I, II.

1524: BEGINNING EQUITATION
Introduction to modern forward seat equitation.  No previous experience necessary.  Familiarization with parts of the horse, tack, gaits.  Control at walk, trot, canter, including trot work over rolling terrain. I Pass/Fail only. (4L,1C)

1624: LOW INTERMEDIATE EQUITATION
Increased riding at canter and sitting trot.  Control of horse over moderately difficult terrain including galloping. Beginning cavelletti work. Pass/Fail only. Pre: 1524. (4L,1C) II.

2004: ANIMAL AND POULTRY SCIENCES SEMINAR
Identification of primary and secondary career objectives for Animal and Poultry Science majors; planning for completion of a capstone learning experience in the major. Identification of curricular and extracurricular activities to increase career opportunities.  Improvement of professional and technical writing skills applicable to the animal sciences field. Pre: 1504. (1H,1C)

2104: POULTRY LABORATORY
Anatomy and physiology of birds including species-specific specializations in anatomical structure and body composition, musculoskeletal, respiratory, reproductive, endocrine, digestive and urinary systems.  Relationship of these concepts to growth and egg production.  Includes handling live birds. I Pre: 1454, 1464. Co: ALS 2304. (3L,1C)

2114: LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT AND HANDLING
Safety in livestock handling; animal behavior; care, housing, and managerial practices related to beef cattle, sheep, and swine taught through experiential activities. Pre: 1454, 1464. (3L,1C)

2124: HORSE MANAGEMENT LABORATORY
Principles of safe horse handling practices and applied horse management skills, taught through experiential activities. Pre: 1454, 1464. (2L,1C)

2424: INTRODUCTION TO THE EQUINE INDUSTRY
Introduction to the horse and equine industry.  Survey of breeds and conformation;  breeding, management, equipment, facilities, and marketing of the successful horse operation. (3H,3C) II.

2464: INTRODUCTION TO COMPANION ANIMALS
Appropriate care and resulting well-being of dogs, cats, and other animals that are used primarily for companionship and recreation require knowledge of their evolution, natural habitats, species and breed characteristics, behavior, breeding, feeding, housing and training.  This course integrates these topics to promote a symbiotic human-animal relationship.  Information regarding the scope and impact of the companion animal industry will be discussed along with a survey of associated careers. Pre: BIOL 1106. (2H,2C)

2524: INTERMEDIATE EQUITATION
Intermediate work in horseback riding with special emphasis on development of the forward seat and skills required for jumping.  Elementary dressage movements. Pass/Fail only. Pre: 1624. (4L,1C) I,II.

2624: BEGINNING EQUITATION OVER FENCES
Introduction of jumping skills for the unskilled as well as review of jumping skills for experienced riders.  Rider should have skills at trot and canter. Pass/Fail only. Pre: 2524. (4L,1C) I,II.

2824: EQUINE CONFORM & BIOMECHANICS
Evaluation of equine conformation as related to locomotion, athletic performance and soundness.  Basic understanding of breed standards, gaits, and rules and regulations pertaining to various equine sports disciplines, from both domestic and global perspectives. Investigation of current scientific literature regarding equine conformation and biomechanics. (1H,2L,2C)

2964: FIELD STUDY
Pass/Fail only. Variable credit course.

2974: INDEPENDENT STUDY
Pass/Fail only. Variable credit course.

2984: SPECIAL STUDY
Variable credit course.

3134 (DASC 3134): ANIMAL AGRICULTURE AND THE ENVIRONMENT
Environmental issues associated with animal agriculture. Nutrient contamination of water resources, odor emission from livestock farms, environmental regulations affecting animal agriculture, and management practices to reduce the impacts of livestock farms on air and water quality. (3H,3C)

3214 (FST 3214): MEAT SCIENCE
Fundamentals of meat science in meat inspection, carcass evaluation, fabrication, fresh meat, processed meat and product preservation on beef, pork, lamb, poultry and seafood.  Physical, chemical, physiological, and microbiological properties of meat as related to composition and quality.  Fundamentals in processing techniques, product quality assurance, and food safety programs in meat industries. Pre: ALS 2304, CHEM 1036. (2H,4L,4C)

3234: APPLIED RUMINANT NUTRITION
Application of basic principles of nutrition in developing rations for beef cattle and sheep.  Emphasis is placed on appropriate use of forages, animal requirements, ration formulation techniques, and development of economic rations to enhance profitability. Pre: ALS 3204. (2H,2L,3C)

3254: ANIMAL PRODUCTS
Products obtained from animals (meat, eggs, dairy, by-products).  Effect of production and processing of food animals upon product safety and quality. Pre: ALS 2304. (2H,2L,3C) I, II.

3304: EMBRYOLOGY
Normal and teratological embryology are intensively examined from ovulation through hatching or birth.  Environmental, nutritional and genetic factors affecting embryogenesis. Even years. I Pre: ALS 2304 or BIOL 3404. (2H,3L,3C)

3404: POULTRY EVALUATION AND SELECTION
Evaluation and grading of poultry and poultry products; selection of breeding stock; selection for egg production; factors contributing to quality. Pre: 1454. (1H,2L,2C) II.

3514: ANIMAL GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND EVALUATION
A study of animal growth and developmental processes, micro and gross anatomy, and body and carcass composition. Factors affecting myogenesis, adipose and bone growth. Pre: ALS 2304. (2H,2L,3C)

3524: INTERMEDIATE EQUITATION OVER FENCES
Establishment of sound jumping skills.  Continuation of more advanced flat work.  Study of hunter courses and cross country jumping. Pass/Fail only. Pre: 2624. (4L,1C) I,II.

3624: ADVANCED EQUITATION OVER FENCES
Advanced methods and techniques for jumping and precision riding. Pass/Fail only. Pre: 3524. (4L,1C) I,II.

3684: SPECIAL TOPICS IN ANIMAL AND POULTRY SCIENCES
An advanced, variable-content course which explores a topic in the animal sciences such as a significant contemporary issue; an emerging research area of interest to undergraduates; or a semester-long project involving a small group of students. May be repeated for up to three credits, no more than two credits per term. Pass/Fail only. Pre: ALS 2304. (1H,2H,2C)

3724: APPLIED EQUINE EVALUATION
In-depth analysis of equine conformation and performance. Emphasis on knowledge of breed standards, critical thinking skills, and oral justification of decisions. Equivalent experience may be substituted for the pre-requisite APSC 2824 with instructor approval. Pre: 2824. (1H,3L,2C)

3754: PRINCIPLES OF LIVESTOCK EVALUATION
Selection of market and breeding animals based on subjective and objective methods of evaluation.  Basic understanding of evaluation principles, form-to-function, expected progeny differences, and performance records of beef cattle, swine, and sheep.  Involves accurate decision making and oral reason presentations. Pre: 1454. (6L,2C) II.

3764: LIVESTOCK MERCHANDISING
A comprehensive study of the principles and activities involved in successfully promoting and merchandising livestock.  A livestock auction (Hokie Harvest Sale) is held at the conclusion of the course to provide experiences in advertising, salesmanship, livestock photography, facility development, sale management, and budgeting. Pre:  Junior standing or consent. I (2H,2C)

3824: EQUINE BEHAVIOR AND TRAINING
Psychology and ethology of equine behavior.  Application of fundamental behavioral concepts to the training of horses and modification of undesirable behavior patterns. Preparation and presentation of young horses for show and sale. Pre: 2124. (1H,3L,2C)

3954: STUDY ABROAD
Variable credit course.

4004: CONTEMPORARY ISSUES IN THE ANIMAL SCIENCES
Applying critical thinking and problem solving to important contemporary issues in animal agriculture and other areas of animal sciences; practice in visual, oral, and written communication. Pre: 2004. (1H,2L,2C)

4054 (BCHM 4054): GENOMICS
A contemporary analysis of the development, utility and application of high-resolution methods for the study and manipulation of the complete genomes of organisms.  The use of new techniques for genomic, metabolic and protein engineering (functional genomics), including high-throughput methods and nanotechnology, will be emphasized. Pre: BCHM 3114 or BCHM 4116 or BIOL 3774. (3H,3C) II.

4064: ISSUES IN COMPANION ANIMAL MANAGEMENT
Comparative aspects of companion animals including physiology, anatomy, nutrition, genetics, reproduction and well-being.  Normal and aberrant behaviors along with techniques of behavior modification and pharmacological intervention. Critical evaluation of current legal and ethical issues in the companion animal industry. Limited to dogs, cats and caged birds. Pre-requisite: Junior Standing required Pre-requisites may be waived with permission of instructor. Pre: 2464, ALS 3104, ALS 2304. (3H,3C)

4124: EQUINE HEALTH AND DISEASE
Application of principles needed to effectively monitor and manage equine herd health. Focus on information synthesis, situation assessment and decision-making skills to develop preventative care protocols and treat illness. Practical application of horse health care techniques for routine and minor emergency situations. Pre: ALS 2304. (2H,4L,4C)

4154: ADVANCED ANIMAL GENETICS
Application of selection, mating systems, and molecular biology to genetic improvement of livestock, horses, and poultry in the United States.  Description of applied breeding programs from elsewhere in the world.  New findings in the inheritance of biological, disease resistance, and behavioral traits. Pre: ALS 3104. (3H,3C)

4224: EQUINE EXERCISE PHYSIOLOGY
Comprehensive study of conditioning the equine athlete using the principles of exercise physiology, energetics, kinetics, and sports medicine. Anatomy and physiology as it relates to exercise, conditioning and fitness assessment; exercise intolerance; performance nutrition; and medical practices used to support equine athletes. Practical application of conditioning strategies for horses and analysis of physiological changes due to exercise. Pre: ALS 2304. (2H,4L,4C)

4304 (DASC 4304): BOVINE REPRODUCTION PRACTICES
Principles and techniques in reproductive physiology and herd management related to health, record keeping, estrus detection and synchronization, uterus and ovary condition. Ovarian function and superovulation, semen handling, artificial insemination and pregnancy detection are also considered. Pre: ALS 2304. (1H,3L,2C)

4324: EQUINE REPRODUCTION AND NEONATAL CARE
Principles and techniques in equine reproductive physiology and endocrinology. In-depth examination of equine reproduction strategies combined with practical techniques leading to synthesis and evaluation of breeding decisions. Anatomy and physiology of the mare and stallion, estrus detection and manipulation, artificial insemination, semen handling and processing, parturition and early care of neonates will be covered. Other topics will include selection of breeding stock and mating decisions. Pre: ALS 2304. (2H,4L,4C)

4404: COMMERCIAL POULTRY ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT
Production, management, and reproduction of meat- and egg-type chickens and turkeys.  Emphasis is on the application of basic poultry science principles as they relate to commercial poultry enterprises.  Advanced topics of economic analysis, program management, and problem solving used in decision making processes in integrated poultry operations. Pre: 2104, ALS 3104, ALS 3204, ALS 3304. (3H,3L,4C) I.

4414: BEEF AND SHEEP PRODUCTION AND INDUSTRY
Study of the commercial and purebred beef cattle and sheep industries.  Principles and applications for successful and profitable beef and sheep production. Pre: 2114, ALS 3104, ALS 3204, ALS 3304. (3H,3L,4C)

4424: HORSE PRODUCTION AND MANAGEMENT
Reproduction, genetics, nutrition, herd health, planning and economics of private and commercial horse farms, and current issues in the horse industry. Pre: 2214, 2424, ALS 3104, ALS 3204, ALS 3304. (3H,3L,4C) II.

4444: SWINE PRODUCTION
Principles for commercial and seedstock swine production; current management practices, housing and marketing; issues and challenges in the swine industry.  Experience in husbandry, research, and other management techniques obtained during laboratory. Pre: 2114, ALS 3104, ALS 3204, ALS 3304. (2H,3L,3C)

4554: ADVANCED LIVESTOCK ENTERPRISE MANAGEMENT
Application of principles needed to manage profitable and sustainable beef cattle, sheep, and swine enterprises.  Use of techniques to develop and evaluate strategies resulting in sound livestock enterprise management decisions.  Focus on advanced animal management protocols, enterprise analysis, resource allocation, marketing options and risk management. Pre: (AAEC 3404 or AAEC 3454), (APSC 4414 or APSC 4444). (2H,2L,3C)

4624: TOPICS IN EQUINE SCIENCE
Review and critique of scientific literature related to equine science. Focus on creative and critical thinking. Principles and practice of information analysis, synthesis and evaluation through discourse and technical writing. Practical application of research and communication skills. Pre: ALS 2304. (2H,2C)

4954: CAPSTONE EXPERIENCE IN ANIMAL AND POULTRY SCIENCES
Student-defined learning experience that utilizes knowledge and skills already learned to acquire new skills, synthesize information and solve problems in the animal sciences.  Requires approval from the department before commencement of the experience, and a final report at its conclusion.  Open to APSC majors only. Completion of 75 credits towards the APSC degree required. Pass/Fail only. Variable credit course. Pre: 2004.

4964: FIELD STUDY
Pass/Fail only. Variable credit course.

4974: INDEPENDENT STUDY
Pass/Fail only. Variable credit course.

4984: SPECIAL STUDY
Variable credit course.

4994: UNDERGRADUATE RESEARCH
Pass/Fail only. Variable credit course.


TOP

Search Catalog
Virginia Tech 2013-2014 Undergraduate Course Catalog and Academic Policies